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1998-99 SURVEY OF ENGLISH HOUSING

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Young women tend to start living independently earlier than ...
Young women tend to start living independently earlier than

young men according to a survey report published today by

National Statistics.

By the age of 20 or 21 years the proportion of young women living

independently is over 50 per cent. In contrast, the proportion of

young men living independently does not exceed 50 per cent until

about the age of 25.

The data are derived from the sixth annual Survey of English

Housing (SEH) carried out by the Office for National Statistics

(ONS) on behalf of the DETR. Other key results from the 1998-99

survey show:

Between 1988 and 1998/99, the number of households in

England grew by approximately 1.8 million to 20.4 million. The

increase was particularly concentrated among households

containing one person living alone and also lone parents with

dependent children. Taken together, these groups increased

from around 5.7 million in 1988 to 7.1 million in 1998/99.

The number of households that had moved to their present

accommodation in the twelve months before interview was 2.4

million, similar to the previous year. Over half (53 per cent) of

moving households had stayed in the same housing tenure on

moving, three in ten had changed sectors and a fifth were

newly formed households.

There were 14 million owner-occupiers (69 per cent of all

households). Just over six in ten owner-occupiers were buying

their home with a mortgage. Of this group, 60 per cent had an

interest only, mortgage and 36 per cent had an interest and

principal (repayment) mortgage.

On average, mortgagors spent£78 per week (including

payments for endowment policies) on their mortgage. This

varied from£49 per week among the fifth of households with

the lowest income to£120 per week among the fifth of

households with the highest income. A small proportion -

three per cent - reported that they were in mortgage arrears,

and a further 13 per cent said that they were having difficulty

keeping up with their payments.

Tenants in the social rented sector were older than average,

34 per cent aged 65 or over, and the sector also included an

above average proportion of lone parents (16 per cent).

There were 2.3 million private tenancies including 1.2 million

Assured Shorthold tenancies, 250,000 Assured lettings and

190,000 Regulated tenancies. Tenants with Assured and

Assured Shorthold lettings tended to be young people in

employment. The majority of tenants with Regulated tenancies

were elderly people often living alone.

Approximately 1.1 million flat owners in England were classed

as leaseholders. This included 240,000 flats where the

freehold was jointly owned by a group of leaseholders and a

further one fifth where the flat previously belonged to a local

authority or Registered Social Landlord (RSL). The vast

majority (83 per cent) of leaseholder flats were in the South of

England and over half of those which had once been local

authority or housing association flats were in Greater London.

Over seven in ten leaseholders livingin flats that had not been

previously owned by a local council or RSL were very or fairly

satisfied with the standard of routine maintenance and

cleaning and two thirds were satisfied with the cost of these

services. In comparison, leaseholders in ex-local authority or

RSL flats had lower levels of satisfaction with service charges;

two fifths were dissatisfied with the level of service received

for the amount paid.

Over half (54 per cent) of those aged 18 or 19 who lived

independently, lived in privately rented accommodation. This

proportion increased to 64 per cent for those aged 20 or 21. At

the age of 22-24, the proportion fell back to 43 per cent largely

as a consequence of an influx of young people to owner

occupation who had not lived independently when younger.

In the last twenty years, the number of older people (aged 65

years or more) living in private households increased by 15

per cent, from 6.4 million to 7.3 million. Over the same period,

the number of older people living alone increased by 30 per

cent while the number living in couples increased by one

quarter.

BACKGROUND NOTES

1. The Survey of English Housing was set up to provide key housing

data on tenure, owner-occupation and the social rented sectors and

regular information about the private rented sector. The SHE is a

continuous survey which started in April 1993. It is sponsored by

the DETR, which has responsibility for housing policy in England.

From its inception until 1998/99 the survey was carried out for

DETR by the Social Survey Division of the Office for National

Statistics. The latest results cover the period April

1998 to March 1999. The findings are based on face-to-face

interviews in 20,000 private households in England.

2. The SEH provides key data on a wide range of housing topics, such

as the changing profiles of home owners and of local authority,

housing association and private tenants; rents, mortgages and

incomes; types of tenancy in the private rented sector; and movement

between tenures.

3. Details of the policy governing the release of new data are

available from the press office.

4. National Statistics are produced to high professional standards

set out inthe National Statistics Code of Practice. They undergo

regular quality assurance reviews to ensure that they meet customer

needs. They are produced free from any political interference. -

Crown copyright 2000.

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