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2005 SCOTTISH HOUSEHOLD SURVEY

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The seventh annual and technical Reports of the Scottish Household Survey (SHS) are released today....
The seventh annual and technical Reports of the Scottish Household Survey (SHS) are released today.

The annual report outlines the main findings from interviews carried out in 2005, providing detailed information about people living in Scotland today, reporting both nationally and by groups of local authority.

The survey has been commissioned to provide accurate, representative and up-to-date information on the characteristics, composition and behaviour of households in Scotland in a number of areas, particularly relating to communities, transport and local government.

The results are based on interviews carried out with 15,395 households throughout Scotland in 2005.

Scotland's People: Annual Report: Results from 2005 Scottish Household Survey

Some of the key findings include:

Who we are

Almost a third (32 per cent) of households contain only one adult (single adult or single pensioner)

Over a third (35 per cent) contain two adults, while households containing five or more people make up only 5 per cent of all households

Around a quarter (27 per cent) of households contain children (aged under 16 years) with most of these containing one or two children

53 per cent of adults are married and 9 per cent are cohabiting with a partner. 21 per cent of adults are single, 9 per cent widowed, 5 per cent divorced and 3 per cent separated

Where we live

Owner-occupation - either owned outright or buying with a mortgage - now accounts for almost two-thirds (65 per cent) of households' tenure, with 28 per cent owning outright. 25 per cent of households rent from a social landlord and 7 per cent rent from a private landlord.

Owner-occupation as a household tenure has sustained a steady increase since 1999 (23 per cent in 1999 to 28 per cent in 2005).

Just over a third (34 per cent) of all households live in flats, with these properties featuring more strongly in large urban areas than in other areas.

Annual turnover is high in the private rented sector where 43 per cent of adults had been in their current property for less than one year.

Homelessness had been experienced by four per cent of adults now living in private households at some point in their lives. This is highest amongst adults aged 35-44 (31 per cent). 59 per cent of those reporting experiencing homelessness were female.

Of those who had ever experienced homelessness, 37 per cent had experienced it at least once in the last two years.

93 per cent of adults say their local area is either a 'very good' or 'fairly good' place to live, but there is considerable variation between tenures. 64 per cent of households in owner-occupied accommodation and 53 per cent of those buying their home with the help of a mortgage rated their neighbourhood as very good. In the rented sectors around a third of social rented tenants say their area is 'very good' - 34 per cent of those renting from a local authority or Scottish Homes and 32 per cent of those renting from a housing association or co-operative.

The most common 'likes' are that the area is 'quiet and peaceful' (56 per cent), it is convenient for shopping (34 per cent); 'good neighbours' (36 per cent)

The most common 'dislike' mentioned was 'young people hanging about' or there being 'nothing for young people to do' (16 per cent of all respondents) and 'vandalism and graffiti' (9 per cent of all respondents)

99 per cent of men and 96 per cent of women feel very or fairly safe when home alone at night. 86 per cent of men and 64 per cent of women feel very or fairly safe when walking alone in the local neighbourhood after dark

How we live

Just over two-thirds of households (68 per cent) in Scotland have access to at least one motor vehicle for private use

Households in large urban areas are least likely to have access to a motor vehicle for private use. In contrast, households in rural areas are most likely to have access to two or more motor vehicles for private use. This is the case for 39 per cent in accessible rural areas, compared with 18 per cent in large urban areas

63 per cent of adult commuters travel to their place of work or education in a car or a van (as a driver or passenger), 15 per cent walk, 14 per cent travel by bus, 2 per cent cycle and 4 per cent travel by rail

Household internet access has continued to increase from 26 per cent in 2001 to 48 per cent of households having internet access in 2005. Of households with a net annual income of over£40,000, 91 per cent have home internet access. This compares with 19 per cent of households with a net annual income of£6,000 or less

Across Scotland as a whole, 51 per cent of households have savings or investments

The proportion of households with a bank or building society account has continued to increase since 1999. 85.8 per cent had an account in 1999 compared with 91 per cent in 2005

26 per cent of adults (aged 16 and over) smoke cigarettes, showing a 1 per cent decrease from 2004 results, and a continuing downward trend downwards from 30 per cent in 1999

A third of households (34 per cent) contain at least one person with a long-standing limiting illness, health problem or disability

Just over half of adults (53 per cent) perceive their health to be 'good' and a further third (33 per cent) perceive it to be 'fairly good'

Our Communities

One in five adults (20 per cent) say that they gave up time in the previous 12 months to help as a volunteer for a charity, club, campaign or organisation

The rate of volunteering is more common among those who are self-employed (24 per cent) or working part time (25 per cent) and among higher income households (35 per cent of adults in households with an annual income of more than£40,000)

Recycling rates have increased from 61% per cent of all households in 2004 to 75 per cent% in 2005 reporting recycling at least some glass, paper, metal or plastic in the past month

42 per cent of adults in Scotland strongly agree or tend to agree that their council provides high quality services. 33 per cent disagree with this statement

37 per cent agree that their council is doing the best it can with the money available and 38 per cent agree that their council is addressing the key issues affecting quality of life in their neighbourhood

The most common religious affiliation is with the Church of Scotland, with 42 per cent of all adults being of that faith

Overall, 33 per cent of all adults have no religious affiliation although this varies by age, with younger adults being more likely to have no religious affiliation

The SHS is a continuous, multi-purpose survey which started in February 1999 and is being carried out on behalf of the Scottish Executive by TNS Social and IPSOS MORI Scotland. The survey is based on a random sample of private households.

The results are based on face-to-face interviews which took place in between January 3, 2005 and February 1, 2006.

The survey is designed to provide nationally representative samples of private households and of the adult population in private households. The survey is also designed to provide data nationally for every quarter and, annually and for each local authority over a two year period. This is achieved by disproportionately sampling in each local authority to achieve a target of at least 550 interviews over the two years.

Although the survey is chosen at random, the people who take part in the survey will not necessarily be a representative cross-section of the whole population. Like all sample surveys the results of the SHS are estimates of the corresponding figures for the whole population and these results might vary from the true values in the population. For further information on the representatives and statistical significance of the SHS, please refer to the Appendix 3 of the annual report.

Regarding questions posed about social rented sector, although Scottish Homes changed it's name to Communities Scotland, some tenants still refer to renting from Scottish Homes and for this reason, the wording of the questionnaire has remained the same.

The 2005 SHS annual report has published data on economic activity, qualifications and training data. The official source for these statistics is the Labour Force Survey (LFS) which provides data on levels and rates.

The Annual Report (Scotland's People: results from the 2005 Scottish Household Survey) is£20. There are three sections of the Technical Report. These are as follow and are priced at£2 each: Scottish Household Survey, Methodology 2005; Scottish Household Survey, Fieldwork Outcomes 2005; and Scottish Household Survey, Questionnaire January to December 2006.

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