The results show:
Aberdeen City (-1.3 per cent), Midlothian (-1.0 per cent) and Dundee City (-0.8 per cent) had the largest decreases
Of Health Board areas, Borders had the largest increase (0.8 per cent) followed by Highland and Orkney with 0.5 per cent. The largest decreases occurred in Western Isles and Argyll and Clyde Health Board areas (-0.4 per cent)
The 2001 Census results published in September 2002 showed that previous population estimates had exaggerated the population of Scotland by some 50,000 - largely because of errors in estimates of migration in the 1980s and 1990s.
To ensure that future estimates do not continue to overestimate the population, a component for unattributable population change has been included in the latest figures - a reduction of 2,600 people.
The source of the information about overseas emigration and immigration is the International Passenger Survey. It is based on a small sample, and there is a higher risk of error than with the remainder of the population estimates.
Further work is being undertaken to review the quality of the method and data sources used to estimate migration, in particular to reduce the level of unmeasured migration.
A National Statistics Quality Review of International Migration Statistics was carried out by the Office of National Statistics, and a report was published which recommended ways of improving the quality and accuracy of international migration. An implementation plan has been developed by ONS but it will be some time before improved data sources are available.