The report shows alarming differences in pay within black and Asian communities. Pakistani and Bangladeshi men earn£150 per week less than white men, while the negative differential for Caribbean men is£115 and for Africans£116 per week. Black and Asian women fare better, and on average earn£7 per week more than white women - this is largely because they are more likely to be in full time jobs. However, Pakistani and Bangladeshi women remain, like their men, at the bottom earning on average£34 per week less than white women.
Apart from direct racial discrimination, factors affecting pay include black and Asian workers being trapped in low paid jobs and economic sectors such as textiles; language problems, despite high educational achievement; and being concentrated in deprived areas of the country with a dependence on public transport.
John Monks TUC general secretary, said: 'New laws in the public sector will make a difference - these must now be extended to end the unfairness in pay for black and Asian workers. These workers already suffer twice the levels of unemployment, lack of promotion opportunities and racial harassment. Unions are seeking to work in partnership with employers and the government to end this disadvantage.'
Main findings in Black and underpaid
Despite nearly a generation of race relations legislation in Britain black workers continue to face inequality in pay.
There is a diversity of experience within the black community some groups manage to do better than others.
Average weekly earnings in Britain (£)
Black and Asian workers who are members of trade unions are far better off than their non-union counterparts. The hourly rate for black workers covered by collective bargaining is three per cent higher than for white workers.