A new report by the National Houses in Multiple Occupation Lobby says councils need to act when communities are in danger of becoming unsustainable because of a high proportion of transient residents, such as students.
The report, Balanced communities and studentification, argues that the presence of large numbers of young adults leads to noise, waste and parking problems and the decline of local shops and schools since students rarely have children.
Students usually move each year and their absence in vacations leads to deserted suburbs.
The lobby has called for council powers to prevent family homes becoming multi-occupied houses and to restrain concentrations of shared houses.
Author Richard Tyler said: “Councils are crucial to solving this problem because they have the status to bring together forums to encourage stable communities. Leeds and Nottingham have already done so.
“Here in Leeds, for example, there is an acute shortage of affordable homes, yet there are 5,000 homes let in effect as seasonal second homes to students while we are expected to build a further 2,000 a year.”