largest amount of information about England and Wales ever released
at one time is now available free on the internet.
information for 8,850 electoral wards and 175,434 small local areas
in England and Wales through the ONS's Neighbourhood Statistics
Service which at the same time has been improved and enhanced.
This is the fourth main release for Census data. It enriches the
statistics put out in February and May which were produced for the
376 local authorities within England and Wales with more local
detail. The lowest level of local information in this release is
known as an 'output area'. This shows information for groups of about
125 households and is produced in a way to guarantee the
confidentiality of individuals.
Neighbourhood Statistics Service
The Neighbourhood Statistics Service was established in 2001 to
provide access to a wealth of information for every local area in the
country, using just a few mouse clicks and free to everyone. It now
combines Census data with other sources to provide neighbourhood
profiles. These are vital for local councils, community groups and
local service providers engaged in delivering the government's
National Strategy for Neighbourhood Renewal.
The upgraded Neighbourhood Statistics Service now allows internet
users to do all of the following:
- create a summary statistical profile for an area simply by typing
in a postcode or a place name;
- access 34 Census tables for all wards and 'output areas' in
England and Wales, comparing and contrasting areas across the
- access over 25 other data sources down to local authority or ward
- dynamically create and manipulate tables online - reaching
greater levels of detail, rearranging rows and columns - and then
turn these into charts, graphs or download data to a variety of
- use maps to identify and select areas for analysis. The maps show
the relationship between the areas and other features such as roads,
rivers and buildings; and
- registered users can save their favourite analyses for later use.
Neighbourhood Statistics will continue to evolve over the coming
months. New and improved features will be introduced and users will
soon be able to access thematic maps directly on the site. These are
similar to the attached maps which have been used to illustrate the
example below. More Census data will be added to the site as they are
released, along with a huge variety of other statistical and
The power of Neighbourhood Statistics - the summary profile
'Statistics for all'
Neighbourhood Statistics is unique in packaging a wide range of
official information about an area in a way that is relevant and
understandable by the general public. It does this by providing a
summary profile just from entering a postcode. This will give the
following information for that area:
- resident population: age, marital status, ethnicity and religion;
- health and provision of care;
- economic and educational activity and qualifications;
- housing and household information (including house price
information from the Land Registry);
- information on crime levels (from police force recorded
It also provides a handy map of the area as well as, for comparison,
averages for the wider local authority and for England and Wales.
Census results for wards and 'output areas'
Many different and contrasting local pictures can be drawn from
Census data on Neighbourhood Statistics. Averages can often obscure
the diversity that exists when a closer look is taken at a greater
level of detail. Contrasts within a single local authority district
can often be bigger than between local aut hority districts themselves
or regions of the country.
Such is the quantity of information now available that just one
example is provided to illustrate some of this diversity.
Example of local diversity - Private renting
Huntingdonshire in the East and Hartlepool in the north-east have
very similar proportions of households that are rented from a private
landlord - 7.5 per cent and 7.4 per cent respectively.
These two local authorities also have proportions close to the
England and Wales median value for this characteristic and so, on the
surface, might be thought of as quite alike in this respect. But at
ward level within these authorities, the picture is very different.
The lowest proportion of households rented from a private landlord in
Huntingdonshire is 4.1 per cent in St Neots Eaton Socon ward, and in
only one ward are more than 12 per cent of houses rented from a
private landlord - 15.1 per cent in Huntingdon West.
However, in Hartlepool the percentage of households rented from a
private landlord varies from 2.0 per cent in Park ward on the western
side of Hartlepool to 28.2 per cent in Jackson ward on the north side
of the town centre. The three wards with the next lowest proportion
of households rented from private landlords are Fens with 2.4 per
cent, Rossmere with 2.6 per cent and Throston with 2.8 per cent.
At the other end of the scale the wards with the next highest
proportions to Jackson of households rented from private landlords
are also urban wards - Brinkburn at 15.2 per cent and Stranton at
14.0 per cent.
Strict measures are taken so that published statistics, even at small
local area level, do not reveal any information about identifiable
individuals or households. Tables are checked before publication and
minor adjustments may be made to the results for very small
populations to protect confidentiality of individuals.
1. The new statistics in this release look at the responses to Census
questions in a single dimension. These are known as 'Key Statistics'.
The majority do not provide cross-referencing between the various
questions. The cross-referenced data, known as 'Standard Tables' will
be released for small local areas later this year.
2. The small local areas referred to as 'output areas' in technical
Census information are used as 'building blocks', which can be
compiled into information for different areas with different
boundaries such as wards, civil parishes or health authority areas.
An 'output area' typically consists of about 125 households and has a
minimum threshold of 100 persons and 40 households.
3. These Key Statistics to ward level are also available on a CD
available from the TSO priced £25. The CD provides SuperTABLE
software to support the access and manipulation of the data. A DVD is
also available from Census Customer Services which has less
user-friendly functionality but provides information down to the
lower 'output area' level.
4. National Statistics Online's new enhanced Neighbourhood Statistics
Service went live hereon 30 June.
5. Details of the National Statistics policy governing the release of
new data are available from the press office. Also available is a
list of the names of those given pre-publication access to the
contents of this release.