This Monitor brings together, says the Office of Populationa nd Census Surveys, some of the main statistics for local authority areas derived from the 1991 Census and shows the districts with the highest and lowest proportions of residents or households with each characteristic included. A range of maps show the geographic variations for selected topics. Statistics are based on answers given in the Census taken in April 1991.
Some key findings are that Christchurch (Dorset) had the highest proportion of residents of pensionable age (60 and over for women, 65 and over for men) with 34.6%, nearly double the national proportion of 18.7% Tamworth (Staffordshire) had the lowest proportion with 11.6%.
A total of 5.5% of the population of Great Britain belonged to an ethnic group other than White. The Inner London boroughs of Brent (45%) and Newham (42%) had the highest proportions of people in ethnic minority groups. 45% of the ethnic minority population lived in Greater London, compared with 12% of the total population.
26.8% of all households in Great Britain consisted of one person living alone. In some central London boroughs nearly half the households were occupied by only one person, the highest being Kensington and Chelsea (48.0%). Wokingham (Berkshire) had the lowest proportion of one person households (18.6 %).
3.8% of households consisted of only one person aged 16 or over with a child or children aged under 16. Most of these households were lone parent families. The highest proportions of 'lone parent' households were in the metropolitan areas, especially Greater London, Greater Manchester, Merseyside, and Tyne and Wear; the highest district being Knowsley (Merseyside) with 9.0% of households.
Castle Point (Essex) and Eastwood (Strathclyde) were the districts with the highest proportions of households in owner occupied accommodation (both 89.4 per cent). The lowest proportion was in Tower Hamlets (Inner London) with 23.2 per cent. The proportion for Great Britain was 66.4 %.
The proportion of households with no car ranged irom 65.5 per cent in Glasgow City to 11.3% in Hart (Hampshire). Generally, car availability was lowest in urban (especially metropolitan) areas including parts of south Wales and Strathclyde. In most other areas fewer than a third of households had no car.
The proportion of residents in Wales aged 3 and over recorded as speaking Welsh ranged from 75.4% in Dwyfor (Gwynedd) to 2.0 % in Monmouth (Gwent). In general the more rural, mainly western, districts had the highest rates while the lowest were in south east Wales.
In Scotland the proportion of people aged 3 and over speaking Gaelic was 1.4%. However, where Gaelic has been the principal language, in the Western Isles (68.9%) and Skye and Lochalsh (41.7%) levels of Gaelic speaking were high.
The nineteenth decennial Census of Population of Great Britain was taken on the night of 21/22 April 1991.
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