Reigate and Banstead policy and resources chairman Richard Bennett claims the 25-year contract will see his borough become 'the rubbish dump of Surrey'.
'I am shocked that the main county proposal is to build a massive incinerator in Redhill,' Mr Bennett said.
'It is only a few years since we managed to defeat plans for such a development after a public inquiry and now we find Surrey CC wants this borough to accept responsibility for burning over two-thirds of the county's waste on the same site. They must be joking.'
County environment director Richard Shaw said: 'While it is absolutely fair to raise questions about the environmental impact of any of these proposals . . . it should be remembered that all these issues will be considered fully.'