The childcare plan and other proposals herald the biggest shake-up in education since most grammar schools were phased out 30 years ago. At the core of the white paper are ideas to improve under-performing secondary schools. Whitehall say one of the most important reforms will be changing the law to let successful state schools take over failing ones.
A new education Act will allow school governors to set up joint operating committees. A head who takes on a second failing school will be in line for extra pay, decided by governors - but the best heads already lready earn more than£80,000 a year.
Other changes include:
* New types of specialist schools - they focus on arts and media, languages, technology or sport; in future they will include business and enterprise, science and engineering.
* Ministers will 'tidy up the law' so schools can call in firms which specialise in turn-arounds.
* Head teachers will be able to hire private sector specialists in anything from building to book-keeping.
* Schools will develop fast sets to allow bright children to begin advanced courses before they are 16.
* Less academic pupils will take vocational courses from 14 onwards.
* From this September, secondary schools will be expected to introduce nationally-dictated maths and English teaching strategies.
* The education secretary will have powers to ban councils from diverting money from education budgets.