published today. This gives national and regional statistics on the
collection, management and recycling of municipal waste by local
authorities in England.
Results from the report include:
Municipal waste arisings
- A further increase in the amount of municipal waste collected to
28.2 million tonnes in 2000/01, 2.7 per cent more than 1999/00.
Municipal waste management and disposal
- A decrease in the proportion of municipal waste disposed of to
landfill, from 80 per cent in 1999/00 to 78 per cent in 2000/01.
However, there was a slight increase in the actual amount of waste
being managed this way, from 21.9 million tonnes to 22.1 million
- In total, some sort of value (recycling, composting, energy
recovery) was recovered from about 6.0 million tonnes (21 per cent)
of municipal waste in 2000/01, compared with 5.5 million tonnes (or
20 per cent) in 1999/00.
Household waste and recycling
- About 89 per cent of municipal waste comes from households, in
2000/01, this represented about 1.2 tonnes of waste per household
per year or about half a tonne of waste per person.
- The proportion of household waste recycled (including composting)
has increased steadily, from 7 per cent in 1996/97 to 11 per cent
Indicator of Sustainable Development (A5), Household waste and
recycling in England: 1983/84 - 2000/01
1983/84 to 1995/96 estimates based on England and Wales data
- The proportion of households served by 'kerbside' recycling
collection schemes has increased from 48 per cent in 1999/00 to 51
per cent in 2000/01. Over the same period the amount of waste
collected for recycling through such schemes has increased by 14
per cent to 818 thousand tonnes in 2000/01.
- In 2000/01 paper and card accounted for a third of all waste
collected for recycling, with 0.9 million tonnes being collected.
The next most common materials collected were compostable waste (29
per cent, 0.8 million tonnes) and glass (14 per cent, 0.4 million
- Landfill remained the dominant waste management route in all
regions during 2000/01. The highest proportion of waste going to
landfill was in the North West (90 per cent) and the lowest in the
West Midlands (58 per cent).
- Regional household recycling rates were highest for the south-east
(16.4 per cent), the east (15.1 per cent) and the south-west (15.0
per cent). The north-east (4.1 per cent) and Yorkshire and the
Humber (7.2 per cent) had the lowest recycling rates.
1. Municipal Waste Management Survey 2000/2001, a National Statistics
publication, is available on the DEFRA website.
2. Summary results from the 2000/01 survey were initially published
on 16 April 2002. The report published today gives final national and
regional figures for 2000/01, and provides more detail on various
aspects of the data, including household recycling rates for
individual Local Authorities. The report also contains figures from
earlier surveys and revised figures for 1999/00, these may differ
from those presented in previous publications.
4. This is the sixth year of the survey carried out by the department
for environment, food and rural affairs (DEFRA), and the national
assembly for Wales. The survey estimates are based on information
from questionnaires sent out to all waste collection authorities
(WCAs), waste disposal authorities (WDAs) and unitary authorities
(UAs). The response to this years survey was close to 95 per cent.
Estimates have been made where authorities are non-responding or
have provided incomplete data.
5. The authorities are asked to provide information on the amounts of
municipal waste collected and disposed of, on the levels of recycling
and recovery of household and municipal waste, on methods of waste
containment, levels of service provision, and details of waste
collection and disposal contracts. Municipal waste includes household
waste and other wastes collected by a waste collection authority or
its agents, such as municipal parks and gardens waste, beach
cleansing waste, commercial or industrial waste, and waste resulting
from the clearance of fly-tipped materials.
6. The household waste and recycling figures illustrated in the
figure form one of the supporting indicators, indicator (A5), of
sustainable development which is set out in 'Quality of Life Counts:
indicators for a strategy for sustainable development for the United
Kingdom' by DETR (December 1999). There are 15 headline indicators
which form a 'quality of life barometer' measuring everyday concerns
like housing quality, health, jobs, air quality, educational
achievement, wildlife, economic prosperity and waste (industrial,
commercial and household). They are intended to focus public
attention on what sustainable development means and to give a broad
overview of whether we are 'achieving a better quality of life for
everyone, now and for generations to come.' More information can be
found on the Government's Sustainable Development website
7. Waste Strategy 2000 for England and Wales set out targets for the
management of municipal and household waste. These include a target
to recycle or compost at least 25 per cent of household waste by 2005
and to recover value from 40 per cent of municipal waste by the same
A National Statistics publication
National Statistics are produced to high professional standards set
out in the National Statistics Code of Practice. They undergo regular
quality assurance reviews to ensure they meet customer needs.