lone parents with dependent children were among the households most
likely to be disadvantaged, according to an analysis published today
by the Office for National Statistics. For lone parents this was
couple with dependent children.
This report, issued as a supplement to the main General Household
Survey publication, Living in Britain 2000, presents an overview of
the circumstances, in terms of the material, economic and social
resources, of different types of disadvantaged households. These
include households such as those dependent on state benefits,
workless households, those where all adults had a long term health
problem and lone parents.
These households and the people within them fared less well than
others across a range of key social indicators. Their disadvantage
compared with the general population was particularly marked in
relation to level of household income and access to a car. For
- Sixty-eight per cent of households dependent on benefits and 57 per
cent of households where all adults had a long term health problem,
did not have access to a car compared with 27 per cent of
- Disadvantaged households were less likely to own their homes. Two
thirds of households overall (68 per cent) lived in owner occupied
accommodation compared with 35 per cent of workless households, 34
per cent of lone parent households and 25 per cent of households
dependent on state benefits.
*Disadvantaged households. Results from the 2000 General Household
Survey - Supplement A.
Available free on the National Statistics website.
- Access to home computers and the internet was low among most types
of disadvantaged households. For example, 16 per cent of households
dependent on state benefits owned a computer compared with 45 per
cent for the overall population.
- Compared with couples with dependent children, lone parents were
less likely to have access to a home computer (45 per cent compared
with 73 per cent) or the internet (27 per cent compared with 54 per
- People living in disadvantaged households were also more likely to
have health problems: 48 per cent of those in households dependent
on state benefits had a limiting long standing illness compared
with 21 per cent overall.
- In terms of social resources, people in disadvantaged households
tended to have fewer people they could look to for support. Thirty
per cent of those in households dependent on benefits, 28 per cent
in workless households and 26 per cent of lone parents had less
than three people they could turn to in a crisis, compared with 18
per cent of the general population.
- Neighbourliness tended to be lower among disadvantaged households.
Forty-two per cent of those in benefit households and 43 per cent
of lone parents gave and received favours from neighbours compared
with 53 per cent overall.
- People in disadvantaged households were less likely to feel safe
walking alone after dark. Around a third of those in benefit
households (36 per cent) and 46 per cent of those in workless
households felt safe compared with more than half (55 per cent) of
the general population.
1. This supplementary report focused on the households defined as
disadvantaged using the following criteria: workless households
(households containing at least one person of working age, but no-one
in paid employment); households in which state benefits provide the
only source of income; lower income households (gross weekly
household income of£250 or less); households in which all adults are
aged 60 or more (referred to as 60 plus households); households in
which all adults have a long-term health problem; households with no
adults born in Britain; households comprising one person; households
comprising a lone parent with dependent children (children aged less
than 16 or aged 16 to 18 in full time education).
2. The social indicators included: housing tenure, car ownership and
other consumer measures, income, the socio-economic group of the
household reference person, health, health behaviour and the
education level of individuals in disadvantaged households and some
indicators of social capital included for the first time in the GHS
3. Data presented in this supplementary report are weighted to
compensate for differential non-response.
4. The full results from the 2000 General Household Survey can be
found in Living in Britain. Results from the 2000 General Household
Survey, first published on 11 December 2001. It is available on the
National Statistics website: www.statistics.gov.uk/lib. Results
relating to social capital data can be found in People's perceptions
of their neighbourhood and community involvement published on 19 June
2002. It is available on the National Statistics website: