The findings are the result of a survey conducted in Scotland and Wales in 1997. The report's author, Esther Breitenbach of the University of Edinburgh, makes clear that equal opportunities practice has developed since then.
Information systems are likely to be more sophisticated, she says, and the development of best value has focused attention on equality in service delivery.
The survey found that the majority of Scottish councils had structures for dealing with equal opportunities and policies in personnel departments and in service provision.
Since 1997 Welsh councils and the Welsh Local Government Association have worked on mainstreaming equal opportunities.