The report by the European transport safety council compared road accident figures from European and international countries collated in 1996.
One third of the 3,740 people killed on UK roads were either pedestrians or cyclists; more than twice the amount in France and higher than the EU average of less than one quarter.
The report also found that the risk of being killed in traffic per kilometre travelled in the UK is more than four times higher for cyclists and pedestrians than the occupants of cars.
Ben Plowden, of the Pedestrians' Association, said: 'There are some councils that are taking a short-term option of trying to remove vulnerable groups from the roads. Instead, it should be a matter of keeping people out of harm's way by restricting speed and giving non-motorists equal access to roads.'
Overall, France had the worst road safety record, though only one sixth of the fatalities were cyclists and pedestrians.