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Corporation of London policy and resources committee chair Judith Mayhew ...
Corporation of London policy and resources committee chair Judith Mayhew

will be joint deputy chair of a panel to assess bids from the 12 UK cities seeking to become European Capital of Culture in 2008.

Culture secretary Tessa Jowell announced today that Jeremy Isaacs, the former chief executive of Channel Four and general director of the Royal Opera House, is to chair the panel. Broadcaster Sue MacGregor will be the other deputy chair. Further appointments to the panel will be announced shortly.

The advisory panel will consider the bids in detail and make

recommendations for a shortlist, to be announced in the autumn. One

city will be chosen by the prime minister - in the spring of 2003.

Tessa Jowell said:

'The 12 bids for Capital of Culture status show how keenly cities

have risen to the challenge of this competition. I congratulate them

all for their energy and imagination. These cities understand what

culture can do for their local economy, their people's civic pride

and their own work to promote social inclusion.

'To become UK European Capital of Culture in 2008 will be a great

honour, and a fantastic opportunity for the city chosen. We want to

ensure that the selection process is as fair and transparent as

possible. And we want to be sure that the city with the greatest

potential - and most imaginative plans - is successful.'


1. Following the success of the European City of Culture programme,

which runs until 2004, the EU has agreed a successor programme

entitled European Capital of Culture. Each member state in turn will

nominate a city to hold the title. Cork has been selected as the

first city to hold the title in 2005. For 2006, Greece has nominated

Patras. The UK will nominate a city to hold the title in 2008. The

12 UK cities bidding are: Belfast, Birmingham, Bradford, Brighton and

Hove, Bristol, Canterbury and East Kent, Cardiff, Inverness and the

Highlands, Liverpool, Newcastle/Gateshead, Norwich and Oxford.

2. The purpose of the title is not simply to highlight existing

cultural excellence, but to encourage cities to develop and innovate

in the cultural field. It will be an opportunity to show that

culture is central to the life of a city, and demonstrate its

contribution to regeneration, social inclusion, education and

business. Glasgow, which held the title European City of Culture in

1990, is widely regarded as an example of the positive, long-lasting

cultural and social benefits which the designation brought (see

briefing note, attached).

3. The culture department is responsible for managing the

competition to select the UK's nomination for 2008. The criteria and

guidance for the competition were launched in September 2000,

following consultation with colleagues and the devolved

administrations. The deadline for applications was 31 March 2002.

4. Sir Jeremy's independent panel will be drawn from all four

countries in the UK, and will be appointed after consultation with

Ministers in other departments andthe devolved administrations. The

panel will recommend a shortlist of cities to be announced in autumn

2002. These cities will be designated 'Centres of Culture'. The UK

nomination for Capital of Culture will be selected from this

shortlist for nomination by the prime minister to the European

institutions by December 2003. A jury, whose members are nominated

by the EU institutions, will report on the nomination during 2004,

and the Council of Ministers will formally designate the city as

European Capital of Culture 2008.

5. Previous and future holders of the title European City of Culture


1985 Athens 1986 Florence 1987 Amsterdam 1988 Berlin

1989 Paris 1990 Glasgow 1991 Dublin 1992 Madrid

1993 Antwerp 1994 Lisbon 1995 Luxembourg 1996 Copenhagen

1997 Thessaloniki 1998 Stockholm 1999 Weimar

In 2000 nine cities joined under the common title 'European Cities

of Culture in the Year 2000': Avignon, Bergen, Bologna, Brussels,

Helsinki, Kraków, Prague, Reykjavik and Santiago de Compostela.

2001 Rotterdam and Oporto 2002 Brugge and Salamanca

2003 Graz 2004 Genoa and Lille

6. Countries to host the European Capital of Culture:

2005 Ireland 2006 Greece 2007 Luxembourg 2008 UK

2009 Austria 2010 Germany 2011 Finland 2012 Portugal

2013 France 2014 Sweden 2015 Belgium 2016 Spain

2017 Denmark 2018 Netherlands 2019 Italy

Background Notes on Glasgow - European City of Culture 1990

'the best proof of the positive impact of 1990 was that afterwards

French artists did not have to be persuaded to come to Glasgow but

actually put themselves forward' (French Cultural Attache in London,

quoted in Myerscough);

1. Glasgow's year attracted significant media interest in UK and

abroad - there was generally positive coverage of Glasgow as a city

of character and vision, addressing challenges on a cultural


2. Infrastructure programmes and completions included: the Royal

Concert Hall to replace St Andrews Hall (destroyed by fire in 1982),

McLellan Galleries; Glasgow Film Theatre - second auditorium;

Scotland Street School - refurbished as a Museum of Education,

improved disabled facilities in 18 venues, and minor works to improve

a range of other venues;

3. Overall the year saw a 40 per cent increase in attendances at

theatres, halls, museums and galleries (from 4.7m in 1989 to 6.6m in

1990); 1.7m attendance at outdoor and community events; 3.7m at

commercial entertainment (cinema; pop and rock concerts). The

proportions of residents attending increased in all art forms - up

10% for plays, 9% for pop/rock, 8% for museums and 6% for classical

concerts - taking Glasgow above the British averages;

4. There was a 50% increase in foreign market traffic from 320,000

in 1989 to 450,000 in 1990, putting Glasgow in third place in the

UK's top city destinations for overseas visitors (behind London and

Edinburgh). Additionally, overall foreign tourism traffic in 1991

was still 31% above the 1989 position and in 1992 it regained the

1990 level, 25% ahead of the overall Scottish position. Advancement

in the overseas market was strongest in Western Europe.

5. Glasgow hosted 120 conferences during 1990, with 48,000 delegates

- more than double the 1989 figure. At least 21 specialist

conferences were reported to have been attracted to Glasgow in 1990

because of its designation as European City of Culture;

6. There was a positive net economic return to the regional economy

of£10.3-14.1m and extra employment estimated at 5,350 - 5,580 person

years (Ecotec analysis);

7. There is evidence that a significant number of the new voluntary

groups and organisations which were formed in preparation for the

year survived after 1990 and, at their peak, represented around 10%

of voluntary associations in the cultural sector in Glasgow;

8. There was a 15% increase in belief in London and the South East

that Glasgow was 'rapidly changing for the better'. Almost all

Glasgow residents agreed that the year 'improved the public image of

Glasgow' and 61% thought the programme 'made the city a more pleasant

place to live'. Only 16% thought it was 'only for visitors to the


9. Glasgow's achievement led to increased EC interest in the Cities

of Culture programme. Previously this had been an accolade for a

capital city or a city with an established cultural reputation

(Athens, Florence, Amsterdam, Berlin, Paris in the preceding five

years). Glasgow demonstrated that the programme could be used to

develop the cultural potential of non-capitals and cities without an

established reputation.

(Source: European Cities of Culture and Cultural Months: Research

Study, Myerscough 1994)

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