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New controls on animal waste have been introduced, food safety minister Jeff Rooker announced. ...
New controls on animal waste have been introduced, food safety minister Jeff Rooker announced.

The Animal By-Products Order 1999 consolidates existing legislation and tightens up the disposal of animal waste. It prevents mammalian waste being used in pig swill.

It also introduces new construction and hygiene standards for knackers yards, extends microbiological tests for rendered animal protein used in livestock feed, and requires records to be kept by all those involved in the disposal of animal waste.

Mr Rooker said: 'It is important for public and animal health that animal remains are disposed of safely. The Animal By-Products Order 1999 will make sure that proper controls are in place.

'The Order includes measures to prevent the feeding of pig slaughterhouse and petfood waste to pigs, in line with advice from the independent advisory committee SEAC. It also takes on board views expressed during the consultation period.'


1. The Animal By-Products Order 1999 was made on 8 March and came into force on 1 April 1999. Copies of the Order (SI No 1999/646) will be available from the Stationery Office.

2. The Animal By-Products Order consolidates rules for:

(a) processing and disposal of animal by-products:

by rendering;

at premises such as knackers' yards and hunt kennels;

at petfood, technical and pharmaceutical plants;

by incineration;

in certain circumstances, by burial or burning;

(b) processing catering waste (eg leftovers from restaurants) for

feeding to pigs and poultry; and

(c) microbiological testing of rendered (processed) animal


3. The Order defines 'animal by-products' and 'catering waste' and sets standards for the processing and disposal of each category of material. 'Waste food' processors who process mammalian animal by-products will no longer be able to feed this material to their pigs as swill.

4. The proposed Animal By-Products Order implements EC rules, the main element of which is Council Directive 90/667/EEC (the Animal Waste Directive). It also implements the construction and hygiene standards for knackers' yards established by Council Decision 95/348/EC.

5. Consultation on the draft Order began on 12 November 1998, as the second stage of a review process (news releases 442/98 and 290/97). The advice of the independent advisory committee, SEAC, that the government should review same species feeding (pig waste to pigs and poultry waste to poultry) was announced on 17 December 1997.

6. Copies of responses to the consultation are available to the public from MAFF's main library.

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