reformed planning system was unveiled by deputy prime minister John
Development' was launched at The Delivering Sustainable Communities
Summit event, being held by the Office of the Deputy Prime Minister
Minister for planning, Keith Hill, said:
'PPS1 is all about good planning - ensuring we get the right
development, in the right place, at the right time. It provides an
important, over-arching policy framework which should help improve
people's lives and the places where they live, work and enjoy, whilst
protecting our environment and natural resources - now and in the
'It reflects the duty on regional and local planning bodies to
contribute towards sustainable development when preparing development
plans, as required by the Planning and Compulsory Purchase Act 2004.
The policies ensure a balance of environmental considerations
alongside the need for sustainable economic development and the aim
of creating genuinely sustainable communities. '
Mr Hill added:
'We are putting stronger emphasis on good design, reflecting the
importance that the government attaches to ensuring high quality
design is delivered through the planning system. PPS1 makes clear
that good design is integral to good planning in delivering safe,
inclusive and successful communities.
'PPS1 stresses the importance of ensuring all sectors of the
community are involved in developing the vision of the area, and are
given the opportunity to participate fully in the preparation of
plans and policies. This community involvement will allow local
people to say what sort of place they want to live in at a stage when
this can make a real difference.'
The minister also launched two further planning tools to help make
communities cleaner, safer and greener.
A Best Practice Guide was published to encourage local planning
authorities (LPAs) to make better use of their powers to tackle
unsightly or derelict land and buildings under section 215 of the
Town and Country Planning Act. LPAs can require property owners to
improve the condition of their land or buildings if they are
blighting the local community. Non-compliance can result in a fine of
Mr Hill has also published the regulations to change the planning
arrangements for restaurants, pubs, takeaways and nightclubs to give
people a bigger say about the evening economy in their local area.
Under changes to the use class order, communities will have to be
consulted before local business-owners can convert restaurants into
takeaways, bars or nightclubs.
Previously restaurants, pubs and takeaways have had the same
classification, meaning they could be changed into one of the other
uses without planning permission. They will now be separated into
specific use classes, and planning permission will be required to
convert any building into a nightclub.
Thechanges will help local authorities get the right balance of
businesses on the high street, boosting the evening economy while at
the same time clamping down on the proliferation of pubs, takeaways
* Planning Policy Statement 1 (PPS1) 'Delivering Sustainable
Development', is one of the new series of shorter, sharper planning
policy statements that are an important component of the government's
package of reforms for the planning system. PPS1 itself sets the
policy context for the planning system and for other topic-specific
policy statements. It replaces Planning Policy Guidance note 1
(PPG1), 'General Policy and Principles', published in February 1997.
PPS1 may be purchased (priced£12) from The Stationery Office (TSO),
PO Box 29, Norwich NR3 1GN, or phone: 0870 600 5522, or e-mail to:
firstname.lastname@example.org. It is also available on the ODPM website:
* A draft of PPS1 entitled, 'Creating Sustainable Communities', was
issued for public consultation on 24 February 2004. The consultation
period closed on 21 May 2004. The final published version of PPS1 has
been amended to take account of views expressed on the consultation
draft, the passing of the Planning and Compulsory Purchase Act 2004,
and progress with the government's other reforms to the planning
* PPS1's new title of 'Delivering Sustainable Development' reflects
the new focus of the document. It sets out an integrated approach to
planning for sustainable development that takes full account of the
need to achieve social inclusion, protection and enhancement of the
environment, the prudent use of natural resources and sustainable
* The statement makes clear that a spatial planning approach -
bringing together and integrating policies for the development and
use of land with other policies and programmes that influence the
nature of places and how they function - should be at the heart of
planning for sustainable development.
* Good design, ensuring developments are accessible to all in the
community and community involvement in the planning system are other
important issues covered by PPS1, within the context of delivering
* The policies set out in PPS1 will need to be taken into account by
regional planning bodies in the preparation of regional spatial
strategies, by the mayor of London in relation to the spatial
development strategy in London, and by local planning authorities in
the preparation of local development documents.
* The ODPM is also publishing a supplementary document entitled, 'The
Planning System: General Principles', alongside PPS1. This document
includes advice and information about the operation of the planning
system that had previously been included in PPG1, updated to take
account of the Planning and Compulsory Purchase Act 2004. This is
available, free of charge, from ODPM Publications, PO Box 236,
Wetherby, West Yorkshire, LS23 7NB - ortelephone 0870 1226 236, or
e-mail email@example.com, or on the ODPM website:
Section 215 Guidance:
* Section 215 of the Town & Country Planning Act 1990 provides a
Local Planning Authority with the discretionary power to take steps
requiring land or buildings to be cleaned up when their condition
adversely affects the amenity of the area.
* The guidance published today is available on the ODPM website at
www.odpm.gov.uk/planning under Guidance and advice.
* LPAs may serve a notice on the owner requiring that the situation
be remedied. They also have powers under s219 to undertake the clean
up works themselves and to recover the costs from the landowner.
* The use of s215 is discretionary. It is one of a number of
provisions available to LPAs for maintaining and improving the
quality of the environment, assisting in tackling dereliction and
retaining land in productive use. Section 215 action can be carried
out as a stand-alone process or in partnership with other agencies
and proactive measures.
* Appeals against s215 notices are to the magistrates court; the
grounds of appeal against s215 notices are set out in ss217-218 of
the Act. Prosecution can follow from non-compliance with a s215
notice, and can result on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding
level 3 on the standard scale (currently£1000).
Changes to the Use Class Order:
* Statutory Instrument 2005 No.84 The Town and Country Planning
(General Permitted Development) (Amendment) (England) Order 2005 and
Statutory Instrument 2005 No.85 The Town and Country Planning (Use
Classes) (Amendment) (England) Order 2005 were published today. They
are available from the HMSO website: www.hmso.gov.uk The Statutory
Instruments will come into force on 21 April 2005.
* The Town and Country Planning (Use Classes) Order 1987 (as amended)
(UCO) sets out classes of uses, eg shops, houses, residential
institutions etc. The UCO provides that a move between activities
within the same class is not development and therefore does not
require planning permission. The Town and Country Planning (General
Permitted Development) Order 1995 (as amended) (GPDO) provides
further flexibility by classifying certain moves between the Use
Classes as permitted development, which similarly does not require
express planning permission.
* The Statutory Instruments published today bring into effect the
changes announced to Parliament by Keith Hill on 27 November 2003.