and unreasonable working patterns were introduced by the Department for Trade and Industry today.
The regulations affect employment sectors previously excluded from
- non-mobile workers in the road, rail, air and sea transport sectors
- mobile workers in the rail and non-HGV road transport sectors
- offshore oil & gas workers
- phased in for doctors in training
The new regulations, which come into effect on 1 August 2003, entitle
- an average 48-hour working week
- four weeks' paid annual holiday
- rest breaks
- health assessments for night workers
- an 8-hour limit on night working
Employment relations minister Gerry Sutcliffe said:
'These minimum standards will protect workers from excessive hours
and unreasonable working patterns. They will be good for productivity
and encourage better work-life balance.
'Other industries have coped well with the Working Time Regulations
and we are confident they can be implemented in these sectors without
affecting employment prospects.'
1. The European Working Time Directive was implemented in 1998 as
part of the Social Chapter, giving protection to the majority of the
UK workforce. The sectors covered by today's regulations were
excluded because it was felt that these sectors needed extra time to
address their differing working practices.
2. The Working Time Regulations bring into effect the UK's
implementation of the EU Horizontal Amending Directive. The new
Directive, which was agreed on 1 August 2000, extends the Regulations
in full to non- mobile workers. Mobile workers will receive the basic
paid leave entitlement, working time protection and health
assessments for night workers. The government had 3 years to
transpose the Directive.
3. Some workers in the previously excluded sectors are n ot covered by
these regulations. Seafarers, some workers in the road transport and
aviation sectors, seafishermen and mobile workers on the inland
waterways will be being given working time protection by specific
regulations for these sectors.
4. A public consultation on government proposals to amend the Working
Time Regulations to take account of these measures ran from 31
October 2002 to 31 January 2003. The government has now published its
response to the consultation (available at www.dti.gov.uk/er).
5. Mobile workers involved in the road transport sector will also
- If they are not covered by other working time Directives, they
will be entitled to an average 48-hour working week, four weeks paid
annual holiday, health assessments for night workers and provision
for adequate rest.
- If they are covered by other Directives, they will be entitled to
health assessments if a night worker and 4 weeks paid annual leave.
6. Doctors in training will get the same rights from 1 August 2004
(though the 48 hour week will be phased in over some years).
7. According to the 2002 Labour Force Survey around 1 million workers
in the UK were employed in sectors excluded from the Working Time
Regulations; of these about 770,000 will be affected by the
Horizontal Amending Directive (the others will be covered by sector
specific rules on working time).