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Rail journeys per head are down, air travel is up and two-car households are on the rise in Scotland, according to ...
Rail journeys per head are down, air travel is up and two-car households are on the rise in Scotland, according to the latest statistical bulletin of main transport trends released today by the Scottish executive.

Some of the key findings for 2005 were:

* The total volume of traffic, at 43 billion (thousand million) vehicle kilometres, was the highest level ever recorded and 16% more than in 1995.

* The total number of vehicles licensed grew by 3% to 2.53 million, 33 per cent more than in 1995 and the highest number ever.

* 24% of households had two or more cars, compared with 18% in 1999.

* There were 75.1m passenger journeys on ScotRail services (in the 2005-06 financial year), 9% more than the previous year and 48% more than 10 years earlier. Rail passenger numbers are at the highest level since at least 1960.

* Per head of population, there are fewer rail passenger journeys originating in Scotland: 14.4 per head in Scotland in 2004-05, compared with 18.8 per head in GB.

* There were 23.8m air terminal passengers, 5% more than in the previous year, 93% more than in 1995, and the highest level ever recorded.

* The number of air passengers per head of population has been higher for Scotland. Between 1995 and 2005, air terminal passengers increased by 93% for Scotland and 77% for the UK as a whole.

* 286 people were killed on the roads, 7% fewer than in 2004, 30% fewer than in 1995 and the lowest number for more than 50 years. The number of people recorded as seriously injured in road accidents was 2,605, down by 5%, and the lowest figure since records of serious injuries began in 1950. Road casualties totalled 17,798, 4% fewer than in 2004, 20%fewer than in 1995, and the lowest figure since 1952.

* There were 465 million passenger journeys (boardings) on local bus services in Scotland in the 2004-05 financial year (the latest for which figures are available at present). This was 2% more than in the previous year, and the sixth consecutive annual increase. However, there have been large falls over the longer-term. The 2004-05 figure was 9% below that for 1994-95, and considerably less than the totals of almost 900 million for 1975 and almost 1,700 million for 1960.

* Over two-thirds of commuters travelled to work by car or van (60% as a driver and 8% as a passenger), 13% walked, 12% went by bus, 4% took a train, 2% cycled and 2% used other modes of transport. In recent years, it appears that the percentage driving to work has risen, and the percentages getting a lift or walking have fallen.

* 53% of pupils walked to school, 24% went by bus, 21% by car, 1% cycled, 1% went by rail and 2% used other means of transport. In recent years, the percentage walking to school has fallen and the percentage going by car has risen.

* Over the past 10 years, the number of people who were killed or seriously injured in road accidents fell more rapidly in Scotland: compared with 1995, the number in 2005 was 46% lower in Scotland and 35% lower in Great Britain. However, the numbers killed or seriously injured per head of population in 2005 were almost the same (about 0.6 per thousand), because the more rapid fall in Scotland was from a higher starting level.

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