Cheshire CC has called on the government to require parents to register children taught at home with their local council.
Children receiving home education has doubled in the county in the past three years, from 95 to 204, although the lack of any requirement to register means numbers are uncertain.
Campaigners for home education estimate that just under 0.5% of children of compulsory educational age in the UK are being schooled from home.
Executive member for children's services Shirley Harris (Con) said: "All children educated at home should be registered with the council. Elective home education is the only area of education and childcare that is not subject to statutory regulation concerned with quality assurance and
Cllr Harris also said children should be consulted before being taught at home instead of school.
Legislation on the subject was "essentially only concerned with parents' rights and may now be judged as inadequate to protect the educational rights and to safeguard the welfare of children", a Cheshire report says.