Summary Statistics (QSS) is published today. Housing Benefit (HB) and
Council Tax Benefit (CTB) are income-related benefits administered by
Local Authorities (LAs) and designed to help people on low incomes
are liable to pay rent and/or council tax (or are treated as if they
were so liable) in respect of the dwelling they occupy as their home.
The QSS is a summary of data collected from LAs in Great Britain and
provides analyses of the caseload at a point in time and over time.
The type of analyses includes numbers of, and average weekly amounts
paid to recipients, caseload by Government Office Region, and
analysis of recipients by whether they are paid as in receipt of
Income Support (IS), Minimum Income Guarantee (MIG) or income-based
Jobseeker's Allowance (JSA(IB)).
- At May 2002 there were 3.81 million recipients of HB which is just
under 16 per cent of Great Britain households. The proportion of
households by Government Office Region varied from 10.7 per cent of
the households in the South East to 21.8 per cent in the North
- The overall number of HB recipients fell by just under 5,000 in the
quarter to May 2002. Compared with the same point in 2001, the
caseload decreased by 62,000 (1.6 per cent). The number of HB
recipients paid as in receipt of IS, MIG or JSA(IB) rose by 8,000
(0.3per cent) in the quarter, to stand at 2.64 million. The number
of recipients not in receipt of IS, MIG or JSA(IB) continued to
fall to 1.18 million, a decrease of 1.1 per cent in the quarter.
- The number of local authority tenants claiming a rent rebate fell
by around 19,000 (0.9 per cent) in the quarter, and by 96,000 (4.5
per cent) over the year, to 2.04 million.
- The number of tenants in RSL and private rented accommodation who
claimed rent rebate increased by 14,000 (0.8 per cent) in the
quarter, an increase of 34,000 (2 per cent) in the year, to stand
at 1.78 million. The increase in this area of the caseload was due
to the continued rise of registered social landlord (RSL)
tenancies. The breakdown of the rent allowance caseload was as
- Deregulated private tenancies fell by 2 per cent over the year, to
- Regulated private tenancies fell by 10.4 per cent over the year, to
- RSL tenancies increased by 5.9 per cent over the year, to 1.06
- Sixty-nine per cent of HB recipients were also paid as in receipt
of IS, MIG or JSA(IB) in May 2002, an increase in the number of
recipients of 1.3 per cent over the year. The number not in receipt
of IS/MIG/JSA(IB) fell by 7.5 per cent.
- The average weekly amount of HB paid to recipients rose slightly in
the quarter to stand at£54.70. By Government Office Region, this
ranged from£44.00 in Scotland to£77.70 in London. By tenure type,
this varied from£39.00 for LA tenants in the North East, to£91.70
for private tenants in London.
- The number of CTB recipients, excluding second adult rebates, fell
by 72,000 (1.5 per cent) between May 2001 and May 2002, to 4.6
million (just under 19 per cent of Great Britain households). The
proportion of recipients by Government Office Region varied from
12.6 per cent in the South East to 26.5 per cent in the North East.
- The average weekly amount of Council Tax Benefit paid to recipients
rose in the quarter to£10.80. By Government Office Region, this
ranged from£9 in Wales to£12 in the East.
The caseload figures are taken from LA administrative records and
there is evidence that more rigorous checking of claims, among other
things, has led to a rising number of claims waiting for final
decision. Current estimates are that this is running at about 500,000
cases in the latest quarters. This will have an effect across the
board but is likely to have more impact on short term claims (eg the
unemployed group) as they have a greater proportion awaiting a
decision at any time. Caution is therefore needed in interpreting
trends in the series.
The QSS is based on 100 per cent caseloads of all recipients in Great
Britain whose benefit was in payment on the second Thursday of May
2002. These statistics are a summary of information collected by ASD
from the LAs of Great Britain. The data collected is used for policy
evaluation and expenditure forecasting, and to answer parliamentary
questions and external queries.
A household is either one person living alone, or a group of people
who share common housekeeping or a living room. The percentage of
households in Great Britain reflects the payment of HB or CTB made to
individuals on behalf of themselves, their partners and their
dependants (if they have any).
Quarterly aggregate count
Two statistical returns (one for claims paid as in receipt of
IS/MIG/JSA(IB) and one for where they are not) are requested from
each LA relating to the second Thursday in May, August, November and
February. These include totals of HB and CTB claims, average amounts
of HB, average eligible rent and a split of the claims by tenancy
type. The figures provided are compared with previous quarters and
any substantial changes are investigated. For LAs that do not
respond, estimates are made by 'up-rating' past figures in line with
regional changes. Results are available around four months after the
Quarterly administrative return
Each quarter, all LAs are requested to provide selective
administrative data relating to the previous three months. These
include information on the number of claims received, the number of
claims processed or paid within 14 days and extended payments. Unlike
the quarterly aggregate count, the administrative return contains
information on activity throughout the quarter rather than a snapshot
on a specific date. For LAs that do not respond, estimates are made
by up-rating past figures in line with regional changes.
To obtain copies contact:
Telephone: 0191 225 9528
Facsimile: 0191 225 3193