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KEY STATISTICS FOR URBAN AREAS IN WALES, SOUTH WEST, SOUTH EAST, THE NORTH, THE MIDLANDS

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Cardiff is the largest urban area in Wales with 327,706 people, ...
Cardiff is the largest urban area in Wales with 327,706 people,

according to a 2001 Census report giving key statistics for 'built up

areas' or urban settlements in Wales published today* by the Office

for National Statistics. Cardiff Urban Area is also the 18th

largest urban area in England and Wales.

The regional report is part of a series of four for England and Wales

giving statistics for urban settlements with a population larger

than 1,500 residents. This series follows earlier 2001 Census reports

that presented data for administrative, mainly local authority

areas, which do not always fit with natural settlement boundaries.

In Wales, there were 182 urban settlements in 2001 with over 1,500

people each. They contained 2,349,295 people and covered 64,737

hectares.

The second largest urban area in Wales is the Swansea Urban Area,

with 270,506 people, and the 22nd most populous urban area

in England and Wales.

There is one other area with more than 100,000 people and another six

with between 50,000 and 100,000. At the other end of the scale, 35

areas contained between 1,500 and 2,000 people and a further 75

between 2,000 and 5,000 people.

The population of the Cardiff Urban Area increased by 19,296 people

in the decade to 2001. The greatest area of population growth was

found in the main Cardiff area of the urban area, achieved through an

urban expansion into surrounding areas. The sub-regions of the

Cardiff Urban Area are, by order of population size: Cardiff,

Penarth, Dinas Powys and Radyr.

Other key findings include:

Religion

* Over half, 50.1 per cent, of the residents of Gilfach Goch near

Pontypridd in Glamorgan stated their religion as Christian,

representing the second lowest proportion in England and Wales. Of

the population of Gilfach Goch, 39.5 per cent stated that they were

of no religion, the highest proportion in England and Wales.

* Eight of the ten urban ar eas with the highest proportions of

residents reporting no religion are from Wales.

* There are lower rates of Christianity in Wales than in areas in

England, particularly the North. The highest proportion of Christians

found in an urban area in Wales was Llanfairpwllgwyngyll in Gwynedd

with 84.2 per cent of the population - ranking 136th in England and

Wales.

Access to Cars or Vans

* The urban area of Croeserw in Glamorgan recorded the second lowest

average of cars or vans per household in England and Wales with 0.6.

Croeserw also had the second highest proportion of households with no

access to a car or van, 51.4 per cent, of urban areas in England and

Wales.

Migration

* Only 5.1 per cent of residents in Pembroke Dock in Dyfed were

migrants during the year before census day 2001- the fifth lowest

proportion for an urban area in England and Wales.

* Of migrants in Llansantffraid Glan Conway near Llandudno 92.7 per

cent moved into the area from within the United Kingdom - the third

highest proportion in England and Wales.

* Nearly seven out of ten, 69.5 per cent, of residents in Pentyrch

near Cardiff moved within the area during the year before the census

- the seventh highest proportion in England and Wales.

Knowledge of Welsh

* Of the residents over three years of age resident in Wales the

urban area of Penygroes in Gwynedd was home to the highest

proportion, 81.8 per cent, of those that could speak, read and write

Welsh.

* The urban area of Monmouth in Monmouthshire is home to the highest

proportion, 89.9 per cent, of those that had no knowledge of Welsh.

In Caernarvon in Gwynedd only 8.2 per cent of the population over

three years of age had no knowledge of Welsh.

Marital Status

* Of residents over sixteen years of age living in Aberystwyth, 58.4

per cent were single on Census day, the third largest proportion in

urban areas in England and Wales.

Health

* Over two in five, 41.3 per cent, residents in Croeserw were living

with a limiting long term illness on Census day 2001 - the highest

proportion in England and Wales.

* Of residents in Penclawdd, west of Swansea, 16.0 per cent provide

unpaid care - the highest proportion among urban areas in England and

Wales.

BACKGROUND NOTE

The South West and Wales report provides details for all urban

areas with a population larger than 1,500 residents and having an

area of at least 20 hectares, allowing comparisons with the 1991

Census. Maps are provided showing the boundaries of all built-up

areas. Grid references are provided with each built-up area.

URBAN AREAS IN THE SOUTH WEST

Bristol is the largest urban area in the South West of England with

over half a million people (551,066), according to a 2001 Census

report giving key statistics for 'built up areas' or urban

settlements in the South West of England published today* by the

Office for National Statistics. Bristol Urban Area is also the ninth

largest urban area in England and Wales.

The regional report is part of a series of four for England and Wales

giving statistics for urban settlements with a population larger

than 1,500 residents. This series follows earlier 2001 Census reports

that presented data for administrative, mainly local authority areas,

which do not always fit with natural settlement boundaries.

In the South West of England, there were 280 urban settlements in

2001 with over 1,500 people each. They contained 4,015,902 people and

covered 113,095 hectares.

The second largest urban area in the South West of England is the

Bournemouth Urban Area, with 383,713 people, and the thirteenth most

populous in England and Wales.

There are a further six areas with more than 100,000 people and

another four with between 50,000 and 100,000. At the other end of the

scale, 55 areas contained between 1,500 and 2,000 people and a

furt her 107 between 2,000 and 5,000 people.

The population of the Bristol Urban Area increased by 28,282 people

during the ten years between the 1991 and 2001 Censuses. This was

primarily the result of the expansion of existing urban areas.

Other key findings include:

Religion

* There are lower rates of Christianity in the South West of England

than in other areas in England, particularly the North. The highest

proportion of Christians in the South West is in Fairford in

Gloucestershire, 84.5 per cent, which ranked 119th in England and

Wales.

* Totnes in South Devon recorded the lowest proportion of Christians

in the South West at 62.3 per cent, the 26th lowest proportion in

England and Wales, and the highest proportion of residents reporting

'no religion' at 25.5 per cent - the 29th highest proportion in

England and Wales.

* Glastonbury in Somerset is home to the highest proportion of

residents that reported 'other religion', 2.8 per cent, in England

and Wales.

Access to Cars or Vans

* The Highnam Green urban area near Gloucester recorded the

fourteenth highest average of cars or vans per household, 1.8, in

England and Wales.

* Only 3.1 per cent of households in Blandford Camp in Dorset are

without access to a car or van, the fifth lowest proportion in

England and Wales.

Migration

* The urban area with the largest proportion, in the region, of

migrants during the year before census day 2001 is Blandford Camp in

Dorset, with 56.2 per cent of residents - the fourth highest

proportion in England and Wales.

* Over three in ten, 30.6 per cent, of the migrants in Bovington Camp

in Dorset moved into the area from outside the United Kingdom, the

fifth highest proportion in England and Wales.

* Over one in five, 21.7 per cent, migrants in Cheltenham/Charlton

Kings in Gloucestershire was of no usual address one year before the

census, the highest proportion in England and Wales.

Marital Status

* The urban area with the smallest proportion of single people in

England and Wales is West Hill in Devon with 12.2 per cent. 72.0 per

cent of West Hill residents were married or re-married, the second

largest proportion in England and Wales.

Age

* Bovington Camp in Dorset is the urban area which is resident to the

highest proportion, 34.1 per cent, of people under sixteen years of

age in England and Wales.

* Over four out of every ten residents in the urban areas of Budleigh

Salterton and Sidmouth, both near Exmouth in Devon, are 65 years of

age or older on Census day in 2001.

Economic Activity

* Over nine out of every ten people, 93.4 per cent, resident in

Blandford Camp in Dorset aged between 16 and 74 are economically

active on Census day 2001 - the highest proportion in England and

Wales.

Health

* Among residents in West Hill, east of Exeter, 15.9 per cent provide

unpaid care - the third highest proportion in England and Wales.

BACKGROUND NOTE

1. The South West and Wales report provides details for all urban

areas with a population larger than 1,500 residents and having an

area of at least 20 hectares, allowing comparisons with the 1991

Census. Maps are provided showing the boundaries of all built-up

areas. Grid references are provided with each built-up area.

URBAN AREAS IN THE SOUTH EAST

Eastbourne in East Sussex is the urban area with the smallest

proportion of single people (12.8) in England and Wales. The South

East is also home to urban areas containing the highest proportions

of people aged 65 and over (Milford on Sea near Lymington in

Hampshire with 42.7 per cent).

These and other findings from the 2001 Census are found in a new

report giving key statistics for 'built up areas' or urban

settlements in the South East of England, published today* by the

Office for National Statistics.

The regional report is part of a series of four for England and Wales

which give statistics for urban settlements with a population larger

than 1,500 residents and over 20 hectares. This adds to earlier

Census reports that have been framed mainly for local authority

areas, which do not always fit with natural settlement boundaries.

Some other key findings include:

Population

* The South East had 495 urban settlements in 2001 containing

17,162,337 people and covering 403,063 hectares.

* The South East is dominated by the Greater London Urban Area with

over eight and a quarter million people. The next most populous area

in the South East is Brighton/Worthing/Littlehampton with 461,000

people.

Religion and Ethnicity

* The South East of England has lower rates of Christianity than in

other areas in England, particularly the North. In the South East the

highest proportion was found in Doddinghurst near Brentwood in Essex

(83.6 per cent) ranking 184th out of all urban areas in England and

Wales.

* The urban area of Radlett, east of Watford, has the third lowest

proportion of Christians in England and Wales, (51.9 per cent).

Radlett has a Jewish population of 24.1 per cent, the highest

proportion in England and Wales.

* Standford Hill, a new urban area in 2001 in Kent, has the third

highest proportion of Buddhists (1.2 per cent) in England and Wales.

* The Slough Urban Area has the highest proportion of people of Asian

ethnicity in England and Wales (24.1 per cent) with the highest

proportion of Sikhs (8.0 per cent) and the fourth highest proportions

of Hindus, (3.9 per cent) and Muslims (11.4 per cent).

* The five urban areas with the highest proportions of people of

black ethnicity are located in the South East. The Greater London

Urban Area has the highest proportion at 9.6 per cent.

Cars or Vans

* The lowest average of cars or vans per household is 0.8 in the

urban area of Sheerness in Kent, the twenty-third lowest number in

the whole of England and Wales.

* The Hughenden Valley urban area in Buckinghamshire has the highest

average of cars or vans per household in England and Wales with 2.0.

* Twenty-two of the 25 urban areas with the highest proportions of

households with access to two or more cars in England and Wales are

in the South East. The urban area of Tanfield, west of Cheshunt in

Hertfordshire, has the highest proportion with 71.9 per cent.

Migration

* The urban area with the largest proportion of migrants during the

year before Census day 2001 was Pirbright Camp (an army base) in

Surrey, with 58.3 per cent of residents - the third highest

proportion in England and Wales.

* The urban area with the lowest proportion of migrants during the

year before Census day 2001 was Hughenden Valley in Buckinghamshire

(4.1 per cent), the lowest proportion in England and Wales.

* Nearly a third (31.4 per cent) of the migrants in Cobham/Oxshott in

Surrey moved into the area from outside the United Kingdom, the

fourth highest proportion in England and Wales.

* Over one in five (21.4 per cent) of migrants in Standford Hill in

Kent were of no usual address one year before the Census, the second

highest proportion in England and Wales.

* In Tanfield, west of Cheshunt in Hertfordshire, 92.9 per cent of

migrants moved into the area from within the United Kingdom - the

second highest proportions in England and Wales.

Marital Status

* In Pirbright Camp in Surrey 56.0 per cent of residents over sixteen

years of age were single on Census day, the fourth largest proportion

in England and Wales.

* The urban area with the smallest proportion of single people in

England and Wales is East Dean near Eastbourne in East Sussex (12.8

per cent).

* In Frinton and Walton in Essex and Milford on Sea near Lymington

16.8 per cent of residents over sixteen years are widowed.

Age

* Milford on Sea near Lymington is home to the highest proportion,

42.7 per cent, of residents aged 65 and over in England and Wales

Economic Activity

* Nearly four out of ten, or 39.9 per cent, 16 to 74-year-olds in

Fairlight, near Hastings, were retired on Census day 2001 - the

highest proportion in England and Wales.

BACKGROUND NOTES

1. The South East report provides details for all urban areas with a

population larger than 1,500 residents and having an area of at least

20 hectares, allowing comparisons with the 1991 Census. Maps are

provided showing the boundaries of all built-up areas. Grid

references are provided with each built-up area.

URBAN AREAS IN THE NORTH

The North of England has the urban area with the highest proportion

of married adults in England and Wales - Pannal, South of Harrogate,

where 72 per cent of people aged 16 and over are married. The region

is also home to the urban areas with the highest proportion of

Christians (Cleator Moor in Cumbria with 89.9 per cent) and Muslims

(Blackburn/Darwen with 19.5 per cent).

These and other findings from the 2001 Census are found in a new

report giving key statistics for 'built up areas' or urban

settlements in the North of England, published today* by the Office

for National Statistics.

The regional report is part of a series of four for England and Wales

which give statistics for urban settlements with a population larger

than 1,500 residents and over 20 hectares. This adds to earlier

Census reports that have been framed mainly for local authority

areas, which do not always fit with natural settlement boundaries.

Some other key findings include:

Population

* In the North of England 92.9 per cent of the population live in

urban settlements. There are 455 such areas in the North containing

13,200,000 people.

Health

* Wheatley Hill, Shotton Colliery, Brierley and Easington were among

the urban areas with the highest rates of limiting long-term illness

and people who described their health as not good. In each of these

areas at least one person in three had a limiting long-term illness

and around one in five was in 'not good' health.

* Pannal, to the south of Harrogate, has the highest proportion of

married adults among all urban areas, with over 72 per cent of people

aged 16 or over being married or re-married. Higher Folds (between

Leigh and Tyldesley in Greater Manchester) has the largest proportion

of divorced adults: nearly one adult in six was divorced in 2001. The

urban area with the highest proportion of single people is Lancaster

University (93.1 per cent).

Economic activity

* Frizington near Whitehaven has the highest unemployment rate among

urban areas in the country, with almost one in six of the

economically active population being unemployed. Higher Folds,

Brierley and Kirkby (Merseyside) also has unemployment rates of one

in eight or more.

Ethnicity and Religion

* All 30 urban areas with the highest proportions of Christians are

in the North. In Cleator Moor, near Whitehaven, almost 90 per cent of

the population are Christian and only four per cent had no religion.

By contrast, less than half the population of Hebden Bridge were

Christian, with 38 per cent having no religion.

* The largest proportions of Muslims are in Blackburn/Darwen Urban

Area (19.5 per cent) and Burnley/Nelson (11.7 per cent).

* In several urban areas in the North over 99 per cent of the

population are White British - notably Wheatley Hill in Durham with

99.5 per cent of its population White British.

Access to cars/vans

* More than half of households in Higher Folds has no access to a car

or van - the highest proportion among all urban areas in England &

Wales. It is the only urban area to have an average of less than 0.6

cars per household. In Kirkby, 50 per cent of household s had no

access to a car or van, the third highest proportion in England and

Wales.

BACKGROUND NOTE

The North report provides details for all urban areas with a

population larger than 1,500 residents and having an area of at least

20 hectares, allowing comparisons with the 1991 Census. Maps are

provided showing the boundaries of all built-up areas. Grid

references are provided with each built-up area.

URBAN AREAS IN THE MIDLANDS

The Midlands had 538 urban settlements in 2001 with a population of

10,067,000, a decrease of 12,000 people since 1991 according to a

report giving key statistics for 'built up areas' or urban

settlements in the Midlands, published today* by the Office for

National Statistics.

The regional report is part of a series of four for England and Wales

which give statistics for urban settlements with a population larger

than 1,500 residents and over 20 hectares. This adds to earlier

Census reports that have been framed mainly for local authority

areas, which do not always fit with natural settlement boundaries.

The largest urban area is West Midlands with 2,284,000 people - the

largest urban area in the country after the Greater London urban

area. This urban area covers Birmingham, Wolverhampton, Walsall,

Dudley and Solihull. It also reaches into parts of neighbouring

counties such as Coleshill in Warwickshire and Hagley in

Worcestershire.

Some key findings include:

Population

* Nottingham Urban Area, which reaches as far as Heanor and Ripley in

Derbyshire, had a population of 666,000 in 2001, an increase of

53,000 since 1991 with the incorporation of Ilkeston and Clifton into

the urban area.

* Leicester Urban Area, at 441,000, has grown by nearly 25,000 over

the ten years since 1991. The urban area now takes in Beaumont Leys

to the north.

* Three other areas have populations of over 200,000: the Potteries

(362,000), Coventry/Bedworth (336,000) a nd Derby (237,000), which has

expanded to take in Borrowash and Ockbrook to the east of the city.

*Key Statistics for urban areas in the Midlands The Stationery Office

£82 ISBN 0 11 621745 6. Available free on the National Statistics

website: www.statistics.gov.uk/census2001/cn_106.asp Religion and

Ethnicity

* Lakenheath (which contains a US Army base) is the only urban area

where less than half of the population (43.9 per cent) was recorded

as White British. Those who described themselves as 'Other White'

were 42 per cent of the population.

* The three urban areas in England and Wales with the highest

proportion of Hindus are Leicester (11.1 per cent), Loughborough (5.4

per cent) and Wellingborough/Great Doddington (4.9 per cent)

Cars or Vans

* The lowest proportion of households in an urban area with no access

to a car or van is 2.5 per cent in Marham Airfield between Swaffham

and King's Lynn in Norfolk, compared with the average for all urban

areas of 28.6 per cent

* Coltishall Airfield has fewer than three per cent of households

without access to a car or a van.

Migration

* The urban area with the largest proportion of migrants during the

year before Census day 2001 was Keele University in Staffordshire,

with 82.9 per cent of residents

* The urban area with the lowest proportion of migrants during the

year before Census day 2001 was Woolpit in Suffolk, with 4.9 per cent

of residents, although more people moved out of the area.

* Migrants comprised five per cent of residents in Barlaston, south

of Stoke on Trent.

Age

* Southwold, Aldeburgh and Hunstanton, on the coast of East Anglia,

have the highest proportions, (around 38 per cent), of residents aged

65 and over in England and Wales.

Health

* In Chapel St Leonards, north of Skegness, 37.9 per cent of people

have a limiting long term illness and over 20 per centof the

residents describe their health as 'not good'.

* More than one in three residents (35.7 per cent) in

Mablethorpe/Sutton on Sea, further up the Lincolnshire coast, have a

limiting long term illness.

BACKGROUND NOTE

The Midlands report provides details for all urban areas with a

population larger than 1,500 residents and having an area of at least

20 hectares, allowing comparisons with the 1991 Census. Maps are

provided showing the boundaries of all built-up areas. Grid

references are provided with each built-up area.

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