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LITERATURE REVIEW OF RISK FACTORS FOR JOB LOSS FOLLOWING SICKNESS ABSENCE

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A research report published today as part of the Department for Work ...
A research report published today as part of the Department for Work

and Pensions In-House report series provides evidence on the factors

that place employed/self-employed people who have been off work

because of illness, injury or disability for between 6 and 26 weeks

at risk of losing their job. The report's findings have been used to

inform the development of a screening tool for the Job Retention and

Rehabilitation Pilot which was launched on 1 April 2003.

Key findings from the literature review

The review finds that there are currently no published screening

tools that are suitable to use for identifying those at risk of

losing their job amongst employed or self-employed people who have

been off work because of sickness, illness or a disability for

between 6 and 26 weeks. It also shows that many different factors

interact to influence the duration of sickness absence and that it is

not solely dependent on health condition but also on age, sickness

benefits, and access time to medical specialists and hospitals.

There is conflicting evidence on the influence of personal

characteristics such as age, race, gender, and socio-economic status

on return to work. Much of the research on musculo-skeletal

conditions provides evidence that early intervention is effective in

helping those off sick return to work. In addition, people who are

able to cope better with their pain experience less stress,

depression, and anxiety and stand a better chance of returning to

work.

The evidence also shows that long-term sickness absence is more

likely to lead to job loss. Those without qualifications and those

with low levels of qualifications are also more at risk of job loss

than those who are more highly qualified, and that those in manual

jobs are more at risk of job loss than those in non-manual positions.

The review finds that self-employment is a protective factor against

job loss.

Notes

The Liter ature Review of Risk Factors for Job Loss Following Sickness

Absence is published today in the Department for Work & Pension's

In-House Research Series: Report Number 122; ISBN 1843882140.

The authors of the report are Lindsay Blank, David Craig, Alison

Jackson, Ewan MacDonald, Jean Peters, Simon Pickvance & Jane Wilford

from the University of Glasgow and the University of Sheffield.

The report is available free on request from Ola Makanjuola (0207

9628556), DWP Social Research Division, Adelphi, 1-11 John Adam

Street, London WC2N 6HT, or from our website

http://www.dwp.gov.uk/asd/index.htm

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