In some areas residents will vote by post, in others they will have the chance of voting several days before the final polling day. Electronic voting and counting are some of the other options being explored.
LGA chair Jeremy Beecham said: 'We are delighted local authorities are taking the initiative with a variety of schemes which we hope will encourage more people to vote. Increasing turnout at local elections is crucial if we are to promote the value and importance of local democracy, so that more people are involved in shaping the future of their communities.
'Attention will be focussed on the capital on May 4 for the London mayor elections, but this should not overshadow the innovations being tested out in other parts of the country.'
The LGA will also be writing to all local authorities urging them to encourage more people to vote on May 4 and giving examples of how to achieve it.
1) Currently local election turnout stands at around 30 per cent.
2) These schemes will get the go ahead with the Representation of the People Bill due to receive royal assent next month.
3) Details of local authorities below.
REPRESENTATION OF THE PEOPLE BILL: PILOT SCHEMES
Approved by the home office
Amber - extend entitlement to postal vote
Blackburn - early voting
Blackpool - early voting
Bolton - all postal ballot
Broxbourne - electronic counting
Bury - electronic voting and counting
Chester - early voting
Coventry - early voting
Doncaster - all postal ballot
Eastleigh - extend of postal vote entitlement
Gateshead - all postal ballot
Gloucester - extend of entitlement to postal vote
Hull - early voting
Knowsley - early voting
Leeds - extend hours of poll
Manchester - early voting
Milton Keynes - extend entitlement to postal vote
Mole Valley - extend hour of poll
Norwich - all postal ballot, mobile polling facility and early voting
Pendle - early voting
Plymouth - early voting
Redditch - early voting
Salford - all-postal ballot and electronic voting
St Helens - early voting
Stevenage - all postal ballot
Stoke - early voting
Stratford - electronic voting
Sunderland - early voting and mobile voting
Swindon - all postal ballot
Telford - early voting
Three Rivers - electronic counting
Warrington - electronic voting
Watford - mobile polling facility, early voting, weekend voting and freepost communications
Wigan - all postal ballot
Windsor - mobile polling facility