New Deal for Young People. Latest figures show that 312,760 young
people have now moved off benefit and into work through New Deal and
in June alone 9,700 moved into jobs.
Mr Brown said:
'These latest figures reflect the success New Deal is achieving
across the country and how it is bringing real changes to young
'Youth unemployment is at its lowest level since the mid seventies
and long-term youth unemployment has fallen by 74% since July 1997.
New Deal has helped to reduce it further and faster.
'We are looking to build on the success of the New Deal by improving
flexibility and having a greater focus on the needs of employers in
crucial sectors of the economy, helping fill their vacancies and end
their skills shortages.'
NEW DEAL FOR YOUNG PEOPLE AND LONG-TERM UNEMPLOYED PEOPLE AGED 25+:
STATISTICS TO JUNE 2001
Coverage: Great Britain
Theme: Labour Market
The New Deal for young unemployed people was introduced nationally on
April 6 1998. The New Deal for long-term Unemployed People aged 25+
was introduced nationally on 29 June 1998. This Statistical First
Release is the latest in a regular monthly series giving key
information for the period ending May 2001 on the numbers
participating in both New Deals, on their personal characteristics
such as gender, ethnic origin and disability, and the route that they
follow through the New Deal process. From April 2001, the New Deal
25+ was extended and enhanced to provide clients with access to a
greater and more tailored range of support and provision. Eligibility
has been extended to include those who have been claiming Jobseeker's
Allowance for 18 months. Tables showing starts on the enhanced
programme and the eligibility breakdown of clients are published in
Key points New Deal for Young People:
- 312,7 60 young people into jobs to the end of June 2001. Of which,
243,460 are sustained jobs, and 69,300 were jobs lasting less than 13
- 669,300 starts on New Deal by the end of June 2001-:- 577,700 have
left, leaving 91,600 participants at the end of June 2001;
- of the leavers, 39% have entered sustained unsubsidised jobs, 11%
have transferred to other benefits, 20% have left for other known
reasons, and 30% for unknown reasons;
- 243,460 young people into sustained jobs to the end of June 2001.
Of which 214,790 unsubsidised and 28,680 subsidised;
- of all Options starts to June 2001, 98,900 (41%) were to Full-time
Education and Training, 46,600 to the Employment option (19%), 50,200
to the Voluntary sector option (21%), and 47,300 (19%) to the
Environment Task Force.
New Deal for Long-Term Unemployed People aged 25+: pre-April 2001
entrants - 73,580 people into jobs to the end of June 2001. Of
which, 60,800 are sustained jobs, and 12,780 were jobs lasting less
than 13 weeks;
- 356,800 starts on New Deal by the end of June 2001 - 322,800 have
left, leaving 34,100participating at the end of June 2001;
- 13% of entrants have been aged between 25-29. In contrast, 29%
have been older clients aged 50 and over;
- 60,800 people into sustained jobs to the end of June 2001. Of
which 47,670 unsubsidised and 13,130 subsidised;
- To the end of June 2001, 16,100 clients have taken up the Employer
subsidy, 8,000 have began Education and Training Opportunities (ETO),
and a further 25,000 have entered Work Based Learning for Adults/TFW.
Due to the Release of LMS 12 at the beginning of April 2001 starts to
WBLA and ETO may be under counted due to changes in the recording of
- 48% of all leavers from the Advisory Process return to their
regular pattern of jobseeker activity i.e. they remain on JSA without
taking up a New Deal opportunity.
Enhanced New Deal for Long- Term Unemployed People aged 25+: entrants
from April 2001
- 12,200 starts on New Deal during June 2001 increasing the total
starts to the enhanced programme 33,400 since April 2001. Males make
up 82% of all starts. The age on entry pattern is similar to that of
pre-April 2001 entrants, with nearly 50% under the age of 40. The
proportion of entrants from ethnic minority groups (12%) mirrors that
of pre-April 2001 entrants, but there are a slightly higher
proportion of entrants to the enhanced New Deal 25plus programme with
a disability (24%).
Notes on the Tables
New Deal for Young People:
Table 1 summarises the numbers entering and leaving New Deal in the
period January 1998 to June 2001. The total number participating
built up from 6,500 at the end of January 1998 to over 14,000 at the
end of March 1998; since the national roll-out at the beginning of
April 1998, the total rose to a peak of 150,100 at the end of July
1999. The current figure at the end of June 2001 stands at 91,600 on
New Deal for Young People. Of those starting, 72% have been male and
12% of total entrants have been people with a disability. There have
been 96,200 starts from ethnic minority groups (14%) of which more
than one in five are Pakistani, around one in three Black
African/Caribbean, and around one in eight Indian. The proportion of
female starts among ethnic minority starts, at 34%, is substantially
greater than the 28% of all starts who are female.
Table 2 shows where those participating at the end of June 2001 were
in the New Deal process. 54% are on the Gateway. Of the 27,500 who
were on an option, 40% were in Full-Time Education and Training, 17%
were on the Employment option, 23% on the Voluntary Sector option,
and 20% on the Environment Task Force option. There are a declining
number of people in the Follow- Through phase of New Deal 15,500
(17%), although it is anticipated that some of these will later
re-join op tions.
Looking at the proportions of males and females participating in New
Deal at various stages highlights significant differences between the
options chosen. At the end of May 2001, 36% of women opted to work in
the voluntary sector compared with only 19% of men. Around a quarter
of men on an option were on the Environment Task Force , compared
with only one in 20 women. People with a disability are less likely
to be on Gateway, 46% compared to an overall proportion of 54%.
Notable differences between those from ethnic minority groups are
they are more likely to be on Gateway, 59% compared to 51% of Whites.
Looking at those ethnic minorities on an option highlights
significant differences. Only 11% are on the employment option
compared to 17% of whites and 52% of ethnic minorities on an option
were in Education and Training compared to 40% of Whites. Within the
ethnic groups, Indians are more likely to be on Gateway (63%) and
Black Africans on an option are less likely to be in employment, 5%.
Bangladeshi's are most likely to have opted to work in the voluntary
Table 3 gives the breakdown of the numbers entering by their
eligibility. Most entrants, 90%, are recruited as they come up for a
Restart interview, either as they cross the six-month unemployment
threshold or subsequently. There are a substantial number of
individuals unemployed for more than 6 months, 26% overall choosing
to join New Deal before reaching their next Restart interview. In May
2001, only 10% chose to enter New Deal before their restart date 7%
of those entering New Deal did so under one of the early entry
Table 4a shows the immediate destinations of the 620,300 young people
who have left the New Deal Gateway. These are made up of 377,300 who
left New Deal altogether, and 243,000 who left to take up an option.
Of those who left New Deal altogether, 162,600 are known to have gone
into an unsubsidised job. A further 10 7,900 went into other known
destinations - of which nearly a half transferred to other benefits.
Of those whose destination is not known, a proportion will have gone
into jobs, but have not been recorded as such in the systems which
generate the data. However, a survey published in June 1999
established that many of the leavers to unknown destinations in fact
found an unsubsidised job. Overall, 57% of the respondents to the
survey who had left JSA stated that they had left to go into
employment. If the 57% is applied to the 106,800 leavers from the
Gateway to unknown destinations, the total number of leavers from the
Gateway into unsubsidised jobs would increase from 162,600 to
In total, 209,200 young people have gone into jobs from the Gateway,
more than three quarters of them being unsubsidised jobs.
Tables 4b/4c show separate figures by region and detailed ethnic
group respectively. These show a number of differences, most notably
that there is significant regional variation in the proportion of
leavers to an unknown destination from the Gateway: 10% for Northern
region and 24% for London and the South East. The proportion of
starts on each option varies between regions, with the South West
having the highest proportion on the employment option (25%) and on
the Environment Task Force Wales has the highest proportion (25%).
The North has the most people opting for Education and Training at
50%. Looking at the voluntary sector, there are significantly more
people on that option in the Southern regions. Within ethnic minority
groups, of those who have left the Gateway, Indians are most likely
to have left for unsubsidised jobs (30%) and Black Africans least
likely (18%). Of the ethnic minority groups, Black Africans are more
likely to go into an option (41%), and Indians much less likely at
26%. There is significant variation within which option was chosen by
different ethnic groups, with the employment option attracting a
higher proportion of Indians (19%), in contrast to Black Africans of
whom only 7% on an option chose employment. Almost two thirds of
Black Africans chose Education and Training. Of the ethnic minority
groups, the voluntary sector has a significantly higher proportion of
Bangladeshis (37%). Finally there is little variation between ethnic
minority groups in the proportion of unknown destinations, however as
a whole those from an ethnic minority group have a much higher
proportion of unknown destinations than whites.
Table 5 shows the qualifications on entry of those joining New Deal.
Overall, 68% (of those for whom the information is available) said
that they had a qualification and of those, 39% were equivalent or
higher than an NVQ level 2.
Table 6 shows summary figures for the Employment Service regions and
for Wales and Scotland. There is distinct variation between the
regions in the current position of New Deal participants at the end
of June 2001. The region with most at the Gateway stage is LASER
(59%), 5 percentage points higher than the national proportion. The
North has the lowest proportion at the Gateway stage, 46%. Looking at
the option split, those in the South West are more likely to choose
employment, and those in LASER and Northern education. The
Environment Task Force option was only chosen by 12% of those on an
option in London & the South East, where as in the Scotland, this
figure was 28%. Working in the voluntary sector appears to be a less
attractive option in the Northern region. These regional variations,
will affect the way different areas have implemented New Deal.
Table 7 Shows the progress of the 15,305 young people who had their
first interview in October 1999. This shows than 1% still on the
Gateway at the end of June 2001, 2% still on an option, of which the
Education and Training option has the most clients, 3% on Follow
Through and 95% having left New Deal .
Table 8 in similar format shows the figures for those who had their
first New Deal interview in January 2000. Of the 1% of clients still
on the Gateway at the end of May 2001, 75% had had a cumulative
Gateway spell on JSA of greater than 4 months.
Table 9 shows how the 12,440 young people who joined New Deal in
April 2000 have progressed by June 2001. 5% were on a New Deal
option, 87% had left New Deal, 7% were on Follow- Through and 1% were
still on the Gateway. Of those left on an option, 56% were on
Education and Training.
Table 10 compares the progress of different groups within the April
2000 cohort. Comparing males and females shows that women are
slightly more likely to have left New Deal altogether at the end of
June 01. Within options, men are more likely to be on the ETF option.
Among those who have left, women are twice as likely than men to have
transferred to another benefit. The pattern for people with
disabilities differs in several respects from the overall picture.
The proportion having left is slightly lower for people with
disabilities, although, of those who have left, people with
disabilities are more likely to have transferred to another benefit.
Differences between ethnic minority groups and white participants are
that ethnic minority clients are slightly less likely to have left
for an unsubsidised job, and more likely to have left for an unknown
destination. Ethnic minority clients are slightly more likely to
still be on the Gateway. The final comparison is between those with
qualifications at NVQ level 2 or above, and those with other or no
qualifications. Among those that have left, people with NVQ2 or
higher qualifications are much more likely to have left for an
unsubsidised job. Those with qualifications below NVQ 2 level have a
higher probability of being on the Environment Task Force option or
to have transferred to other benefits.
Table 11 gives the destinations on leavin g New Deal for all those who
have left to date, broken down into those who left before receiving
their first interview, those who left during the Gateway phase having
had at least one interview, those who have left from an option, and
those who have left from Follow-Through. The information given
includes details of the most recent option that Follow Through
leavers were on. In total, 39% of all leavers to date have entered an
unsubsidised job. Of the 577,700 leavers to the end of June 2001,
most - 312,100 - left during the Gateway stage, after having at least
one interview. Some 65,200 left before having their first New Deal
interview, 80,600 so far have left directly from an option, and
119,800 have left from Follow-Through. Even among those who left
before attending their first interview, 34% are known to have gone
into unsubsidised employment.
If the survey of leavers to unknown destinations which was published
in January 2001, is applied to the total number of leavers into
unsubsidised jobs the total would increase from 224,300 to 320,170
To date, 215,900 young people have left an option. Of these 7% remain
on New Deal (on the Follow-Through), 29% have entered unsubsidised
employment, 7% transferred to other benefits, 30% left for unknown
destinations (including some who will have found a job but have not
been recorded as such in the systems which collate the data), 27%
left for other known destinations including some clients who left New
Deal on completion of Follow-Through.
Table 12 shows the number of young people who have entered employment
on leaving the New Deal split by sustained periods of employment
(whereby the person does not return to JSA within 13 weeks) and
'other' employment of a more short-term nature. To the end of June
2001, 243,460 young people have gained sustained employment - 88% of
this unsubsidised. An additional 69,300 young people have had a job
spell of less than 13 weeks . This takes the total number of young
people into jobs at the end of June 2001 to 312,760. 73% of young
people entering sustained employment have been men, and 12% have been
from ethnic minority groups.
Table 13 shows the total number of jobs filled by young people
through the New Deal. This differs from Table 12 to the extent that a
young person may have had more than one spell of employment. For
example, a period on the Employment option followed by an
unsubsidised job is a common transition. To the end of June 2001,
265,200 sustained jobs have been gained through New Deal - more than
three quarters of this unsubsidised. An additional 179,370 job spells
of less than 13 weeks have also occurred.
New Deal for Long-Term Unemployed People aged 25+: pre-April 2001
Note: tables LTU1-7 show participation and outcomes for those joining
the programme before April 2001. As such there are no new starts
shown in these tables, and the figures on activity and outcomes
relate solely to those entering the programme prior to April 2001. A
separate set of tables is being introduced over the coming months
showing participation and outcomes from the enhanced 25plus New Deal
programme. Up to now tables LTUE1 and LTUE2 showing starts and
eligibility criteria are included.
Table LTU1 summarises the numbers entering and leaving New Deal over
the period July 1998 to June 2001. The total number participating
built up from 12,600 at the end of July 1998 to a peak of 82,100 at
the end of December 1999. At the end of June 2001, the total number
on New Deal 25+ was 34,100. Of all those joining, 84% have been male.
21% of total entrants to date have been people with a disability.
There have been 36,000 starts from ethnic minority groups. 90% of
clients who started between July 1998 and June 2001 have left the
programme. Clients aged 25-29 form 13% of all entrants. Conversely,
'older' clients aged 50+ form 29% of all entrants to the end of June
Table LTU2 shows where those participating at the end of June 2001
were in the New Deal process. As one would expect, with the Advisory
Interview Process designed to last for 3-6 months from the date of
the first New Deal interview, the majority, 76%, are still on it. The
remainder were on a New Deal opportunity: 1,700 on the Employer
Subsidy, and 800 on Education and Training Opportunities. An
additional 2,300 were on Work Based Learning for Adults and 3,200 are
at the Follow-Through stage. People with disabilities and those from
ethnic minority groups are just as likely to have moved onto a New
Deal specific measure, or be on Work Based Learning for Adults. Older
clients are progressively more likely to still be in the Advisory
stage of New Deal.
Table LTU3 gives the breakdown of the numbers entering by their
eligibility. Most entrants (90%) are recruited as they come up for an
annual Restart interview, either as they cross the 2 year
unemployment threshold or subsequently. There have been 15,000,
individuals (4%), unemployed for less than 2 years choosing to join
New Deal under one of the early entry criteria.
Table LTU4 shows the immediate destinations of the 330,800 people who
have left the Advisory Interview Process. Due to new functionality
introduced in LMS 12. Starts to the WBLA and ET opportunities may be
under represented. We aim to revise this in future months. 18% of
clients have left for employment (42,800 unsubsidised and 16,100
subsidised), 2% for Education and Training Opportunities, 8% for Work
Based Learning for Adults, 48% to normal jobseeker activity, and 24%
for other reasons. Men are slightly more likely to have left for
subsidised employment than women; but no more likely to have left for
unsubsidised employment. Conversely, women are more likely to have
left to transfer to another benefit. People with disabilities and
ethnic minority groups are both less likel y to have left the Advisory
process to return to their normal pattern of jobseeker activity.
Those with disabilities more likely to transfer to other benefits 16%
compared to 11%.
Table LTU5 shows summary figures for the Employment Service regions
and for Wales and Scotland. There is inevitably some variation
between the regions in the current position of New Deal participants
at the end of June 2001.
Table LTU6 shows the number of people who have entered employment on
leaving the New Deal split by sustained periods of employment
(whereby the person does not return to JSA within 13 weeks) and
'other' employment of a more short-term nature. To the end of June
2001, 60,800 people have gained sustained employment - more than
three quarters of this unsubsidised. An additional 12,780 people have
had a job spell of less than 13 weeks. 84% of people entering
sustained employment have been men and 9% have been from ethnic
minority groups. Within the total jobs count, men are less likely to
have had a sustained spell of employment than women and people from
ethnic minority groups are more likely to be in sustained
Table LTU7 shows the total number of jobs filled through the New
Deal. To the end of June 2001, 61,870 sustained jobs have been filled
through New Deal - three quarters of this unsubsidised.
New Deal for Long-Term Unemployed People aged 25+: entrants from
April 2001 Note: table LTUE1 shows entrants to the enhanced programme
from April 2001. A new Table LTUE2 shows starts to the enhanced
programme by eligibility. Over the coming months new tables will be
introduced showing participation and outcomes from the enhanced 25+
New Deal programme.
Table LTUE1 shows 12,200 starts to the enhanced New Deal during June
2001 making a total of 33,400 entrants since its introduction. 82% of
entrants have been Male. The age on entry pattern is similar to that
of pre-April 2001 entrants wit h clients aged 25-29 forming 14% of all
entrants. Conversely, 'older' clients aged 50+ form 25% of all
entrants to the end of June 2001.
The proportion of entrants from ethnic minority groups (12%) mirrors
that of pre-April 2001 entrants, but there are a slightly higher
proportion of entrants to the enhanced New Deal 25plus programme with
a disability (24%).
Table LTUE2 gives the breakdown of the numbers entering by their
eligibility. Most entrants (89%) are recruited as they come up for an
interview, either as they cross the 18 month unemployment threshold
or subsequently at a restart date. There have been 1,900, individuals
(6%), unemployed for less than 18 months who have been brought into
the enhanced programme under one of the early entry criteria. A
further 5% have been brought into the programme before reaching a
restart date. This will include clients identified by their New Deal
adviser as being unemployed for 18 out of a 21 month period in which
case New Deal is a requirement.
1. Introduction: The statistics in this Statistical First Release
cover participants in the New Deal for Young People and the Long-Term
Unemployed aged 25+ in Great Britain. The New Deal for Young People
is aimed at those aged 18-24 who have been claiming Jobseekers
Allowance (JSA) for at least 6 months. A fuller description of the
New Deal process was included in an article in the June 1998 issue of
Labour Market Trends ('New Deal and its effect on labour market
statistics'). Until April 2001, the New Deal for the Long-Term
Unemployed aged 25+ was aimed at those who have been claiming
Jobseekers Allowance (JSA) for at least 2 years. From April 2001, an
enhanced programme for those who have been claiming Jobseeker's
Allowance for 18 months or more was introduced.
- New Deal for Young People:
2. Eligibility: Those aged 18-24 who have been claiming JSA
continuously for 6 months become eligible for New Deal w hen they
reach the 6-month threshold. At that point, their participation is
mandatory. Those who have already been unemployed for 6 months are
required to enter New Deal when they reach their next 6-monthly
Restart interview date, but are entitled to request immediate entry
before then. There are eleven additional groups who are entitled to
entry to New Deal before reaching the 6-month point (see below).
3. Outline of process: Those joining New Deal first enter a Gateway
period lasting up to 4 months, during which Employment Service (ES)
and their partners will work with them to improve their
employability, and to find unsubsidised jobs for as many as possible.
Those who do not find a job will then move onto one of four options:
-a period of subsidised employment, lasting 6 months (including,
from June 1998, support to become self-employed)
- a course of full-time education/training
- a job with an Environment Task Force
- a job in the Voluntary Sector
4. As far as possible, young people will be offered a choice of
options. They do not however have the option of remaining on JSA.
5. If the client reaches the end of their option, and still has not
obtained a job, they will normally re- claim JSA, and will enter a
Follow-Through period. During this, they will remain on JSA, but
receive intensive help to find a job.
- New Deal for Long-Term Unemployed People (pre-April 2001
6. Eligibility: Those aged 25+ who have been claiming JSA
continuously for 2 years become eligible for New Deal when they reach
the 2 year threshold. At that point, their participation is
mandatory. Those who have already been unemployed for 2 years are
required to enter New Deal when they reach their next annual Restart
interview date, but are entitled to request immediate entry before
then. There are a number of additional groups who are entitled to
entry to New Deal before reaching the 2 year point (see below).
7. Outline of process: Those joining New Deal first enter an Advisory
Process lasting between 3-6 months with an average of 7 interviews
during which Employment Service (ES) and their partners will work
with them to improve their employability, and to find unsubsidised
jobs for as many as possible. From April 2000, the Advisory Process
has been enhanced. The key features are: use of the Client Progress
KIT at the initial interview to assess the clients' needs; a more
structured Advisory Process, re-named as Gateway which is timebound
and comprises on average ten weekly interviews plus case conferences
between the Adviser and their Manager at one, three and four months.
During the Gateway, clients can also be referred to a new range of
external specialist Gateway provision, or benefit from a Jobseeker's
Grant. Those who do not find a job or transfer to other provision may
move onto one of the two New Deal specific measures:
- a period of subsidised employment, lasting 6 months
- a course of full-time education/training lasting up to a year
whilst remaining on JSA
8. If the client reaches the end of their Advisory Interview Process
without taking up an opportunity, they may return to their normal
jobseeker activity and will re-enter at their next full year Restart
9. A further series of interviews are available as part of the
Follow-Through for those returning from subsidised/unsubsidised
employment or existing training provision within 13 weeks of leaving
JSA/completing the provision, and those completing Education and
- Enhanced New Deal for Long-Term Unemployed People (entrants from
10. Eligibility: Those aged 25+ who have been claiming JSA
continuously for 18 months become eligible for New Deal when they
reach the 18 month threshold. At that point, their participation is
mandatory. People who have claimed JSA for 18 out of the last 21
months can opt to join the programme, although participation of
people in this category will become mandatory once IT supports it.
Those who have already been unemployed for 18 months are required to
enter New Deal on a staggered basis over the next two years depending
on their previous participation on New Deal; but they are entitled to
request immediate entry before then. There are a number of additional
groups who may be considered for early entry to New Deal on the basis
of labour market disadvantage.
11. Outline of process: Those joining New Deal first enter a flexible
Gateway period lasting up to four months where provision and level of
help will be tailored to the needs of the individual. For those aged
25-49 who are still claiming JSA, the Gateway will be followed by a
mandatory Intensive Activity Period (IAP) lasting between 13 and 26
weeks. The IAP will often consist of flexible and individually
tailored 'routeways' or packages of support. The packages will
include at least two of the following: work experience, work
placements with employers, occupational training, help with
motivation and soft skills. All packages will be underpinned by
intensive jobsearch to help people move on from their IAP into work
as quickly as possible. It will also be possible for the IAP to
consist of self employment support or Basic Employability Training
programme which is designed to address the barriers faced by people
who find it particularly difficult to find jobs. Finally, for a small
number of New Deal participants the most appropriate provision will
be an Education and Training Opportunity of up to 12 months duration.
It will be possible for participants to move into subsidised
employment at any stage of the programme.
12. Those aged 50 and over who are still claiming JSA at the end of
their Gateway period will be move onto the IAP on a voluntary basis.
13. Those who return to JSA at the end of the IAP will move into
Follow-Through. There, they will undertake a period - usually 6
weeks, although exceptionally 13 weeks - of intensive jobsearch
designed to build on the experience gained in the IAP.
14. Source of the data: The original source of most of the data in
this Statistical First Release is the Labour Market System (LMS)
installed in Employment Service's local offices. This is an IT system
which is used to facilitate the interface with ES clients. It
maintains a basic client record; allows the preferred occupations
stated by clients to be matched against suitable vacancies; records
actions such as interviews, referrals to training opportunities,
placings in jobs etc. In particular, it has been significantly
enhanced to record New Deal-specific actions, such as starts on
15. The relevant data are extracted from the main system each month
and added to a New Deal Evaluation Database maintained by ES's
Research and Development Division. This Evaluation Database also
incorporates data from other sources: data on claimant unemployment
extracted from the Joint Unemployment and Vacancies Operating System
(JUVOS) maintained by the Office for National Statistics, which is
the primary source of published statistics on claimant unemployment,
and further information on subsidised jobs taken from the appropriate
ES payments system. A fuller description of the sources for the
statistics in this Statistical First Release can be found in an
article in the June 1999 issue of Labour Market Trends.
16. Definitions: the following notes explain the definitions
underlying the data presented here, except where these are
self-explanatory - e.g. gender.
17. Date of entry: an individual is generally deemed as participating
in the New Deal from the date they are invited to interview. In the
case of those seeking early entry, this date may effectively be the
same as the date of that interview. In practice, the date on which
LMS records the individual as joining New Deal can in some cases be
the date of the interview rather than the date of the invitation, but
the difference is generally small.
18. Leaving New Deal: an individual leaves New Deal if:
- they terminate their JSA claim while on the Gateway/Advisory
Interview Process, either because they have obtained an unsubsidised
job, or for other reasons;
- they complete their option, and do not begin a new JSA claim,
either because they have obtained a job, or for other reasons;
- they leave their option early, and do not seek to re-claim JSA -
again, either because they have found a job or for other reasons;
- in a number of cases, they are marked New Deal excluded or not
required and continue to claim JSA;
- for long-term unemployed, they complete the mandatory interview
process and return to a normal jobseeker activity
19. Destinations on leaving Gateway/Advisory Interview Process:
individuals are shown as having left to go into employment if either:
they are recorded on LMS as having been placed in a job, and leaving
New Deal; or they are shown as having signed off for some other
reason, and the reason for termination of their JSA claim recorded on
JUVOS is to go into a job. These figures will understate to an extent
the proportion going into unsubsidised jobs, for two reasons.
Firstly, for a proportion (mainly of the more recent leavers), there
is no matching JUVOS off-flow record. Over time, more such matches
will be identified, and the figures revised as necessary. Secondly, a
significant proportion of those whose JSA claim is terminated simply
fail to sign on, without returning their JSA form, so that no reason
for termination is collected.
20. The study (New Deal for Young People: leavers with unknown
destinations: Jon Hales and Debbie Collins; ES Research Report; 21
August 1999) reports on a survey of a sample of those leaving New
Deal for u nrecorded destinations between April and August 1998. Of
all those who responded to the survey and whose JSA claim which
qualified them for New Deal had been closed, 57% stated that they had
left New Deal to go into paid employment. Caution is needed in
applying these results since some of those surveyed had, by the time
they were interviewed, rejoined New Deal, and would no longer be
included in the published figures for leavers. The figures given in
the text of this release should therefore be viewed as illustrative.
21. In addition, because those surveyed had all left by the end of
August 1998, they included very few who had been through a New Deal
option. The results can, therefore, be applied only to leavers during
Gateway, or before their first interview.
22. Where a person leaves and subsequently enters a new claim for JSA
within 13 weeks, they will rejoin at the point they left with the
interruption not counting towards their period of support. In the
tables in this Statistical First Release, such people are treated as
having been continuously on the Gateway/Advisory Interview Process.
23. 'Other benefits' refers to those who have moved from JSA to a
more appropriate benefit, for example Incapacity Benefit or Income
24. 'Other' consists of those who are not recorded on LMS as either
going into an unsubsidised job, or transferring to another benefit,
and who are recorded on JUVOS as either: gone abroad, started
education or training; 'other reason'. Also includes those who have
left New Deal but remain on JSA.
25. The 'not known' category includes both those for whom no JUVOS
off-flow information has been matched, plus those with a leaving code
of: 'not known'; ceased claiming; failed to sign. It should be noted
that these cases are 'not known' as far as the statistical reporting
systems are concerned - in some cases, staff in Jobcentres know the
reason for the individual ceasing to claim, but this is not captured
systematically by LMS. For young people, a separate survey has been
conducted of these cases, asking New Deal Personal Advisers what they
know about their destinations.
26. Starts on options are taken primarily from LMS. In the case of
the subsidised employment option, this is confirmed when there is a
record of a subsidy actually being paid to the employer.
27. Destinations on leaving after starting an option: These figures
are based on a combination of information: the returns which option
providers make when a client leaves the option, stating their
immediate destination; ES placings and other destinations recorded on
LMS; JSA termination codes.
28. People with a disability: this entry is based on the individual's
own assessment and signed confirmation given to ES staff, that the
person believes themselves to be disabled in accordance with the
Disability Discrimination Act definition. That is, they have a
physical or mental impairment which has a substantial and long-term
effect on their ability to carry out normal day to day activities.
(Note that this will not necessarily be consistent with sources such
as the Labour Force Survey, which rely entirely on self-assessment,
without further discussion or endorsement.)
29. It is not the same as the early eligibility criterion: people
seeking early entry on the grounds of having a disability must be
assessed as having such; but some who have a disability will qualify
for New Deal entry for other reasons (primarily through length of
30. Ethnic origin: ES began recording ethnic origin from January
1998, but it was not recorded on IT systems until April. The backlog
of information for January to March 1998 starts has now been recorded
on the IT systems, although the data are less complete for those who
joined in January to March and left relatively quickly. For young
people, the effect of this is to understate the number of leavers
from ethnic minority groups, particularly in January 1998 to March
31. The basis of the data is self-assessment by the individual
client. The categories are the same as in most statistical sources,
except that there is a specific option for the client to record
'preferred not to say'. This option is chosen by around 3% of
32. Qualifications on entry: this information is collected from
clients during an interview at the Jobcentre. ES staff then code the
qualifications to an equivalent NVQ level. 'Other qualifications'
consists of all those which ES staff are unable to equate to an NVQ
33. Although the NVQ equivalencies are standard, one should be
cautious in comparing these data with other sources such as the
Labour Force Survey, because of differences in the methods of data
34. Qualifications data are currently available for only a proportion
35. Region: This Statistical First Release includes a summary
breakdown for Scotland, Wales and the regions of England. The regions
are the ES regions, rather than Government Office regions. The ES
regions are: Scotland , Wales, London and the South East; East
Midlands and Eastern; West Midlands; South West; Yorkshire and the
Humber; Northern; North West.
36. A separate Press Notice is released by the Office for the
National Assembly for Scotland, giving more detailed figures.
37. Cohort tables: These are defined as all those having their first
interview in a given month (Tables 7,8,9). The tables track where
these individuals were at the end of each month, with two provisos.
The first is that, where a participant leaves Gateway, for example to
take up a job, and then later re-joins New Deal, they are treated as
having been continually on New Deal. The second is that the
destination on leaving is their immediate destination; their status
may have changed since leaving New Deal.
38. Unit of Delivery: New Deal is being delivered by local
partnerships. The areas covered by these are known as Units of
Delivery. These areas are defined mostly in terms of ES Districts and
Jobcentre areas. The 12 Pathfinder areas were: Black Country,
Cornwall, Cumbria, Eastbourne, Lambeth, Newcastle, Sheffield &
Rotherham, South Derbyshire, Stevenage, Tayside, West Wales &
39. More detailed information on the New Deal can be found on the
40. Public enquiries about the information in this Statistical First
Release should be addressed to : Russ Bentley, Employment Service,
Research and Development Division, 123, West Street, Sheffield. S1
4ER. 0114-259 6425.