department's Municipal Waste Management Survey. The results are
based on information supplied by local authorities in England and
Wales for the financial year 1999/2000. The results of the 1999/00
survey are provisional and are subject to revision. A full report on
the results will be published in July.
Municipal Waste Management Statistics 1999/00
Table 1 shows a breakdown of the municipal waste arisings in the last
two years by region. It is estimated that there were 29.3 million
tonnes of municipal waste in England and Wales in 1999/00, up from
27.9 million tonnes in 1998/99. In both years, around 90 per cent of
the municipal waste arisings came from household sources.
Table 2 shows the average municipal waste arisings per household, by
region. In 1999/00 the average municipal waste arisings per
household were 26 kg per week, an increase of 1kg from 1998/99.
Table 3 shows how the waste was managed. Although there has been a
slight increase in the absolute amount of municipal waste being
disposed of to landfill since 1998/99, the proportion of waste being
disposed of in this way has decreased by one percentage point to
81%. There has been a corresponding increase in the proportion of
municipal waste being recycled or composted from 9 per cent in
1998/99 to 11 per cent in 1999/00. The proportion incinerated with
energy recovery has remained constant at 8 per cent. In total, just
over 5.5 million tonnes (19 per cent) of municipal waste had some
sort of value (recycling, composting, energy recovery) recovered from
it in 1999/00, compared with 4.9 million tonnes (or 17 per cent) in
Table 4 shows similar results to Table 3 on a per kg per household
per week basis.
Table 5 shows the quantities of household waste collected for
recycling in 1999/00 by scheme type. Over a quarter of recycled
material was collected by kerbside schemes.
Finally, Table 6 contains recycling and recovery rates for England
and Wales in 1998/99 and 1999/00. The household waste recycling
rate has increased from 8.8 per cent in 1998/99 to 10.3 per cent in
1999/00. The municipal waste recovery rate has increased from 17.5
per cent to 19.1 per cent over the same period.
1. The summary figures for the 1999/2000 Municipal Waste Management
Survey, together with results from earlier surveys are available on
the DETR website
2. Figures for 1998/99 have been revised and may differ from those in
3. Municipal Waste Management Survey
Questionnaires are sent out to all waste collection authorities
(WCAs), waste disposal authorities (WDAs) and unitary authorities
(UAs) in England and Wales. They seek information on the amounts of
municipal waste collected and disposed of, on the levels of
recycling and recovery of household and municipal waste, on methods
of waste containment, levels of service provision, and details of
waste collection and disposal contracts. Municipal waste includes
household waste and other wastes collected by a waste collection
authority or its agents, such as municipal parks and gardens waste,
beach cleansing waste, commercial or industrial waste, and waste
resulting from the clearance of fly-tipped materials.
Data for individual local authorities that did not respond to our
survey have been estimated. The response rate to the 1999/00 survey
was 99 per cent.
5. Definition of Household Recycling:
To ensure consistency with the Best Value Performance Standards for
recycling and composting of household waste, metal extracted from
incinerator bottom ash though the process of mechanised metal
extraction (MME) is excluded from the recycling calculations in this
Statistical Release. For this reason the 1998/99 recycling figures
differ slightly from those published previously, which included MME.