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NATIONAL POPULATION PROJECTIONS: 1991 BASED

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The population of England and Wales is projected to increase slowly from 51.0 million in 1991 to 55.3 million in 20...
The population of England and Wales is projected to increase slowly from 51.0 million in 1991 to 55.3 million in 2027, and then start to decrease.

The age structure of the population is projected to change significantly over the next 40 years, mainly as a result of past fluctuations in the number of births.

These and other projected changes to the population are published today in an Office of Population Censuses and Surveys report Population projections: 1991 based.

Other changes include: - the number of children under 16 is projected to increase by about 7% in the decade 1991-2001, and then decrease slowly until 2020;

- the population of working age (males aged 16-64 and females aged 16-59) is projected to grow by 6% over 20 years to a peak of 33.0 million in 2011, and then decrease by 7% over the following 20 years;

- the number of people over pensionable age (65 for men and 60 for women) is projected to increase by 2% between 1991 and 2001, from 9.4 million to 9.6 million. It is then projected to increase more quickly to reach 14.4 million in 2031 - an increase of 50% in 30 years.

The projections indicate an ageing population. Over the period 1991 to 2031, while the total population of England and Wales is projected to rise by 8%, the population aged 45 to 59 is projected to increase by 15%, that aged 60 to 74 by 43%, that aged 75 to 84 by 48%, and that aged 85 and over by 138%.

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