Whereas deep mines are longer lasting, open-cast pits are ephemeral but economically preferred. However, there is the inevitable scar on the landscape.
In granting planning permission to the new consortia, local authorities must balance between environmental and employment issues. 'Derelict land reclamation' is a third factor which is becoming a popular and desired solution, the paper reports.
An example is the Merthyr Restoration Scheme, whereby the mineral extracting contractor Celtic, formerly British Coal in the region, is engaged in reclaiming 800 acres of derelict land.