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OVERSEAS TRAVEL AND TOURISM JUNE 1997

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In the three months to June 1997, compared with the previous three ...
In the three months to June 1997, compared with the previous three

months, the seasonally adjusted results from the International

Passenger Survey showed that:

-- Overseas visitors to the UK decreased in number by 6 per cent to

6.3 million

-- UK residents' visits abroad decreased in number by 2 per cent to

11.2 million

-- Overseas earnings decreased by 1 per cent to£3,120m

-- UK residents' expenditure abroad increased by 1 per cent to£4,260m

Overseas visitors to the UK

The estimated number of overseas residents' visits to the UK,

seasonally adjusted, in the three months to June 1997 decreased by 6

per cent compared with the previous three months and decreased by 4

per cent compared to the three months to June 1996.

The total number of overseas residents' visits to the UK, not

seasonally adjusted, during the twelve months ending in June 1997

rose by 2 per cent compared with a year earlier. This is as a result

of the number of visits from Western Europe increasing by 2 per cent,

visits from North America increasing by 5 per cent and visits from

Other Areas remaining broadly the same.

UK residents' visits abroad

The estimated number of UK residents' visits abroad, seasonally

adjusted, in the three months to June 1997 decreased by 2 per cent

compared with the previous three months but increased by 11 per cent

compared with the three months to June 1996.

The total number of UK residents' visits overseas, not seasonally

adjusted, during the twelve months ending in June 1997 rose by 6 per

cent compared with a year earlier. This is as a result of the number

of visits to North America increasing by 6 per cent, visits to

Western Europe increasing by 5 per cent and visits to Other Areas

increasing by 12 per cent.

Overseas earnings and expenditure

Comparing the three months to June 1997, seasonally adjusted, with

the previous three months, total spending by overseas visitors to the

UK (earnings) fell by 1 per cent whilst spending by UK residents

overseas (expenditure) rose by 1 per cent. This resulted in a deficit

of£1.1bn, broadly the same as during the three months to March 1997.

During the twelve months ending June 1997, not seasonally adjusted,

overseas earnings rose by 2 per cent and expenditure by UK residents

rose by 5 per cent compared with the previous year. This resulted in

a deficit on the travel account of the balance of payments of£4.2bn compared to£3.7bn during the same period to June 1996.

BACKGROUND NOTES

Revisions to data from 1994 onwards

1. The International Passenger Survey (IPS) produces estimates of the

number of visits and expenditure of overseas residents' visits to the

UK and of UK residents' visits abroad. The number of visits are

supplied by the British Airports Authority, port authorities and

channel tunnel operators, with adjustments made, amongst others, for

airport interliners - those passengers who arrive at a UK airport,

but then transit to another flight without passing through passport

control.

2. A recent survey of interliners, carried out by the Civil Aviation

Authority, indicated that there had been growth in the number of

interliners travelling through UK airports. Consequently, downwards

revisions to the number of visits and expenditure have been made from

1994 onwards.

3. The number of interliners is now monitored on a quarterly basis.

Additional Notes

4. The figures in this First Release are based on provisional results

from the IPS which is conducted by the Office for National Statistics

(ONS). The IPS is a sample survey and the results, therefore, are

subject to sampling errors. Detailed analyses for all four quarters

of 1996 may be obtained from the Stationery Office in the publication

Society MQ6 Overseas Travel and Tourism. Further information and a

full breakdown of the figures for 1995 can be obtained from the

annual report, Travel Trends, which is produced by the ONS (ISBN

0-11-620791-4).

5. Estimates for the latest few months are based on incomplete

information. They are provisional and subject to revisions as more

complete data become available.

6. The main series are seasonally adjusted. This aids interpretation

by identifying seasonal patterns and smoothing them out of the

unadjusted data. The resulting figures give amore accurate indication

ofthe underlying trend.

7. There is a discontinuity from January 1993 in both the earnings

and expenditure series which was caused by a change in IPS processing

procedures. The ceiling on the amount of expenditure recorded was

removed.

8. Abbreviations used in the tables:

NA ..... not available

SA ..... seasonally adjusted

NSA .... not seasonally adjusted

t ...... point of earliest revision

....... estimate (rounded to nearest 10,000 visits or fS

million)

9. Constituent items in the tables may not add exactly to totals due

to rounding.

10. Details of the policy governing the release of new data are

available from the ONS press office, including a description of the

release categories featured on the front page of ONS releases. Also

available is a list of the names of those with pre-publication access

to the contents of this release.

11. Crown copyright 1997. ONS First Releases and statistical news

releases are subject to Crown copyright protection. Data and text may

be reproduced without fee provided use is for genuine news gathering

and distribution purposes. Headline figures and short extracts may

also be quoted in support of commentary or criticism. All other

reproduction (especially for commercial use) requires specific

copyright permission from the ONS and payment of a reproductive fee,

or must be the subject of a commercial agreement that includes such

permission.

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