entering urban centres and lead to an overall decrease in private
car mileage shows a DETR study published this week.
The study, undertaken by WS Atkins Planning Consultants, investigated
concerns that schemes could lead to an overall increase in private
car mileage. It examined a cross section of schemes serving eight
urban centres and found that park and ride resulted in a net
reduction in private car use and car mileage in each case.
The size of the reduction in each urban centre depended on the extent
- sites are located further out from the urban area which they serve
- ideally at the intersection of radial and orbital routes
- an urban centre is served by a number of high quality sites on the
outskirts of the town
- services are complemented with bus priority measures and restraint
measures on private car use in the urban centre
Transport minister Glenda Jackson said:
'This research has dispelled the myth that park and ride results in a
net increase in car mileage. But it has reinforced the government's
view that schemes need to be carefully designed and seen as one
measure in a wider transport strategy for an area.
'We shall use the findings from this study to update our guidance to
local authorities on how park and ride can best deliver local
The study also looked at what makes park and ride attractive to
users, and what discourages motorists from using park and ride.
Users indicated that they found park and ride easier and cheaper
than parking in the town centre, and that the service available was
convenient, quick and reliable.
The main reasons given for non use of park and ride were that it was
quicker and easier to drive in to the urban centre, the duration of
the stay in the urban centre did not make use of park and ride worth
while, the availability of town centre parking, and other reasons of
The study also investigated the extent to which park and ride
abstracts users from public transport. It found that abstraction is
most likely where a park and ride site is located close to an urban
centre and local bus services, with users appearing to choose to take
advantage of the superior service offered by park and ride. But the
study found that the majority of users drove all the way in to the
urban centre before switching to park and ride.
. The eight urban centres which took part in the study were
Brighton, Cambridge, Coventry, Norwich, Plymouth, Reading,
Shrewsbury and York.
. Further information and copies of the final report The Travel
Effects of Park and Ride, priced at£18, are available from Ms
Bryony Cooper, WS Atkins Planning Consultants, Woodcote Grove,
Ashley Road, Epsom, Surrey KT18 5BW. Tel: 01372 726140 ext 6049,
Fax: 01372 740055.
3. Annexes providing more detailed information on the urban
centres which took part in the study and on the data analysis are
also available from WS Atkins Planning Consultants, priced£7 each.
enquiries: 0171 890 3395; out of hours: 0171 873 1985