level were unveiled today by planning minister Keith Hill.
On the eve of the return of the Planning and Compulsory Purchase Bill
documents on how the reforms will work.
Mr Hill said:
'This is another major milestone in our planning reform agenda. We've
had a busy summer with a lot of good things achieved. Today's
documents and the return of the planning bill keeps that momentum
'The aim of the planning system should be to allow development where
it's needed and to stop it where it's not.
'The bill sets the framework for the faster, fairer, and more
flexible planning system needed to support sustainable communities.'
Planning Policy Statement 11 (PPS11) shows how Regional Spatial
Strategies (RSS) should be prepared and revised. It places a new
emphasis on community involvement and partnership working,
integration with other strategies, and making the RSS more regionally
The regulations set out the detailed composition of the regional
planning body, the process for revising the RSS, and consultation
arrangements including the examination in public and publication and
Planning Policy Statement 12 (PPS12) sets out how to prepare local
development documents and explains how they will deliver the spatial
strategy for the area. It emphasises the need for community
involvement and independent testing before being adopted.
The Local Development Framework regulations sets out the scope of
local development documents and the process for preparing them
including consultation, the examination, publication and notification
Also published today for consultation are draft regulations to
accompany Part 4 of the planning bill and draft guidance on the
development control issues covered in the bill. New procedure rules
for inquiries into major infrastructure projects are also published.
Mr Hill said:
'These publications are a huge step forward. They show how the new
system will actually work. We are pioneering a new spatial planning
approach and introducing the local development framework, which
provides flexibility and responsiveness.
'Most importantly we are emphasising early consultation and community
involvement while doing away with the multiple deposit stages which
bog down the current process.
'I hope everyone will take time to read and comment on these drafts.
I want this consultation to add real value to the final documents for
both practitioners and the wider community.'
All planning policy guidance is being revised and updated at the
moment. Other planning policy statements will be published for
consultation as drafts in due course. In particular Planning Policy
Statement 1, setting out the principles underlying the planning
system in England.
1. The Planning and Compulsory Purchase Bill returns to standing
committee in the House of Commons on October 14 following
agreement for it to be carried over to the next session of
2. The bill introduces reforms to the planning system proposed in the
Planning Green Paper - 'Planning: delivering a fundamental change' in
December 2001. At a regional level, the Bill replaces Regional
Planning Guidance with statutory Regional Spatial Strategies (RSS),
drawn up by Regional Planning Bodies recognised by the Secretary of
State. At local level, local and unitary development plans will be
replaced by local development documents, which have to be drawn up by
the local planning authority in line with a local development scheme.
3. The bill contains a number of enabling powers for the Secretary of
State to make regulations on detailed matters.
4. Existing Planning Policy Guidance Notes (PPGs) are being revised
into more concise and focused Planning Policy Statements (PPSs).
5. PPS11 (Regional Planning) supersedes PPG11. It sets out procedural
policy in relation to the content and preparation of an RSS in a
significantly abbreviated main body of text. Annexes provide
procedural policy in relation to the preparation of Regional
Transport Strategies, guidance on the examination in public,
community involvement and partnership working and proposed national
core output indicators
6. PPS12 (Local Development Frameworks) supersedes PPG12. It sets out
the policy on the preparation of Local Development Documents,
emphasising the need for speed in delivering the new plans and the
requirement for community involvement. In contrast to the present
development plans system, where much action takes place in the run-up
to a public inquiry and in modifying the plan afterwards, the new
system places great emphasis on 'front loading'. Important decisions
need to be discussed with the community and stakeholders early in the
process and the results fed into a firm plan. This plan is examined
for soundness, before being adopted in line with the recommendations
of an independent inspector.
7. PPS11 and PPS12 reflect the provisions of the Planning and
Compulsory Bill. The latter sets out a new type of planning document
- local development documents (LDDs), of which development plan
documents, together with the RSS, provide the basis for decisions on
the development and use of land. However, these plans are more than
land use plans - they must provide the spatial strategy for the area.
The LDDs need to have regard to the community strategy prepared by
the authority. This system is more flexible than the old - the Bill
allows a number of development plan documents to be prepared in any
one area, including plans for area action.
8. The Planning and Compulsory Bill allows the secretary of state
call in an application for a major development w hich he thinks is of
national or regional importance. It also allows for the appointment
of a lead inspector and in appropriate cases additional inspectors so
that issues will be able to be considered at the inquiry concurrently
rather than consecutively. The lead inspector will not have to
personally to hear all the evidence which should save considerable
inquiry time on a large scale inquiry. Inquires into major
infrastructure projects are governed by procedural rules. New rules
were introduced in Spring 2003. The draft rules published today
support the proposed changes in the Bill.
9. The Planning and Compulsory Purchase Bill makes provision on a
number of development control issues which include Statement of
Development Principles, Local Development Orders and the new duty to
respond for statutory consultees.
10. The public consultation on the draft guidance and regulations
will run until 16 January. The secondary legislation will be laid
before Parliament on the Planning Bill receiving Royal Assent. It is
expected that both the guidance and secondary legislation will come
into effect at commencement of the Bill.
11. Further guidance on the new system for local plans will be issued
at the end of October, including the Guide to Procedures for the
preparation of Local Development Frameworks, to assist stakeholders
and the public, and 'Creating LDFs' - a 'how to do it' guide for
local planning authorities.
12. The documents are available online - Planning Policy Statement 12: Local Development Frameworks- and Draft consultation paper on new Planning Policy Statement 11 (PPS11)or can be obtained free of charge from:
OPDM Free Literature
PO Box 236
LS23 7N B
Tel: 0870 1226 236
Fax: 0870 1226 237
Textphone: 0870 1207 405