This issue's feature articles are: fragmented life courses - the changing profile of Britain's ethnic populations; social inequalities in later life - the socio-economic position of older people from ethnic minority groups in Britain; and the use of patient registers to estimate migration.
New key statistics are:
Internal migration estimates for local and health authorities in England and Wales in 1999
- In general, London boroughs and metropolitan districts were net losers of internal migrants, while shire areas gained internal migrants;
- The highest levels of migration activity (both in and out) were also observed in London and metropolitan areas. For example, the top five in descending order were Birmingham, Manchester, Leeds, Wandsworth and Lambeth;
Population Trends 101 (Autumn 2000) The Stationery Office Price£20 ISBN 0 11 621178 4
- Of the health authorities, West Sussex had the highest net in-migration, while Brent and Harrow had the largest net out-migration. This issue also contains an update on the annual statistics on marriage and divorce in 1998 and adoptions in 1999 (England and Wales), which were published on 27 July 2000.
Summaries of the main articles:
Fragmented life courses: the changing profile of Britain's ethnic populations by Louisa Blackwell of the Centre for Longitudinal Studies
This article explores the potential of the ONS Longitudinal Study (LS) for understanding the migration patterns of different ethnic groups. It compares the characteristics of LS members who were resident at both the 1981 and 1991 Census and those who were absent in 1981 but present in 1991, including 1980s immigrants. Despite the ten-yearly interval between observations, the LS captures some of the
dynamism of the minority ethnic populations. Information which emerged about these populations includes:
- Most black Caribbean people who were present in 1991 were also present in 1981, reflecting early migration patterns of this group;
- In contrast, relatively few black African people were present at both censuses, reflecting the more transient and less stable historical pattern of black African migration;
- Among Bangladeshis, there were very few men in their forties, present in 1981 and 1991, as Bangladeshi immigration to Britain peaked in the early 1980s.
Social inequalities in later life: the socio-economic position of older people from ethnic minority groups in Britain by Maria Evandrou of Kings College London.
This article uses the general household survey to examine the living circumstances of elderly people (aged 60 and over) from ethnic minority groups living in Britain. Key findings include:
- There are significant differences both between and within ethnic minority groups in access to material and social resources;
- Older black Caribbeans are more likely to reside in local authority or housing association accommodation than other groups;
- Over a quarter of older Pakistani and Bangladeshis live in households with no central heating, and over a third live in households with more than one person per room;
- Black Caribbean elderly persons are almost twice as likely to live in a household without a car than those from the Indian community;
- Older Pakistani and Bangladeshis are almost three times more likely to live in a household without a phone than white, Indian or Caribbean older people.
- Indian elderly persons are least likely to experience multiple deprivation, displaying similar levels to white older people (excluding the Irish); whilst just under one half of older Pakistani and Bangladeshis, two-fifths of older Black Caribbeans and a quarter of Irish elders experience medium or high levels of deprivation.
The use of Patient Registers to estimate migration by Roma Chappell, Lucy Vickers and Helen Evans, ONS.
This article describes a new data source for providing better estimates of internal migration and its use in the calculation of the mid-1999 population estimates.
The National Health Service central register records the movement of patients when they re-register with a general practitioner. In the past, this was used together with changes in the number of persons registered to vote, to estimate internal migration.
Limitations in electoral registers when used to estimate migration led ONS to obtain extracts of the patient registers held by each of the 98 former Family Health Service Authority (FHSA), to research the possible use of patient registers to provide a better measure of internal migration.
This revealed that patient register data could be used to estimate local migration from the period mid-1997 to mid-1998 onwards.
The new data provide mid-1998 migration estimates at a local authority level that are of a higher quality than those derived from using the register of electors.
ONS therefore decided to use the patient registers in the compilation of the population estimates for mid-1999 onwards (see background note 1).
1. Mid-1999 population estimates for England and Wales (PE no 2) were published on 24 August 2000.
2. Details of the policy governing the release of new data are available from the press office.
3. National Statistics are produced to high professional standards set out in the National Statistics Code of Practice. They undergo regular quality assurancereviews to ensure that they meet customer needs. They are produced free from any political interference. Crown copyright 2000.