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PROPOSALS FOR CONSTITUENCY BOUNDARIES IN CUMBRIA

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The commission will publish provisional recommendations on 6 July ...
The commission will publish provisional recommendations on 6 July

2000 for changes to all six constituencies in the county of Cumbria.

Provisional Recommendations

1. The county of Cumbria has six constituencies with a

parliamentary electorate in 2000 of 384,332. This number of

electors, when divided by the 2000 electoral quota (69,932), gives

a theoretical entitlement to 5.50 seats. The commission have

therefore provisionally decided to continue to allocate six seats

to Cumbria. The electoral quota is explained in 'Background Note'

below. With six seats, the average constituency electorate in the

county is 64,055. The electorates of the six existing

constituencies in the county range from 54,071 in the Copeland

seat to 70,303 in the Westmorland and Lonsdale seat, producing a

disparity of 16,232.

2. The only changes to local authority boundaries in Cumbria since

the last general review have been to district ward boundaries

following the Periodical Electoral Reviews by the Local Government

Commission. The new wards came into operation at the local

government elections on 6 May 1999. Three of the new wards in the

county are partly in one of the existing constituencies and partly

in another. The commission do not divide district wards between

constituencies. Therefore, at the very least, the Commission need

to realign the constituency boundaries with the boundaries of

these divided wards.

3. The commission considered whether they should adopt the minimum

change realignment in respect of these divided wards, or whether

they should go further in order to address the low electorates of

both the Carlisle and Copeland seats and the very large

geographical area of Penrith and The Border which they considered

was undesirable.

4. The commission provisionally decided to recommend some changes

to existing seats in order to address these problems. In forming

their proposals, the commission have taken into account, as much

as possible, Cumbria's geographical features.

5. The commission were concerned about the low electorate (59,345)

of the Carlisle seat which has decreased for each of the last five

years. Its electorate is 4,710 below the average for the county,

and 10,587 below the electoral quota.

6. The Stanwix Urban ward of the City of Carlisle is currently

divided between the Carlisle seat (4,108 electors) and the Penrith

and The Border seat (444 electors). The larger part of the ward is

already in the Carlisle seat and the commission propose therefore

that the whole ward be included in it.

7. The commission considered various options for further

increasing the electorate of the Carlisle seat. Their provisional

conclusion is that it would be more appropriate for an additional

City of Carlisle ward to be added to the Carlisle seat, rather

than wards from Allerdale Borough or Eden District, which also

border it. They also propose that the Wetheral ward be transferred

from Penrith and The Border to the Carlisle seat. Although the M6

motorway creates a physical division between the Wetheral ward and

Carlisle, the commission do not feel that the motorway represents

a significant barrier as good road links exist between them. The

effect of the changes involving the realignment of the Carlisle

seat with the Stanwix Urban ward, together with the transfer of

the Wetheral ward, would bring the Carlisle electorate to 63,001

(1,054 below the average for the county). It would also reduce the

geographical size of the Penrith and The Border seat.

8. The Waver ward of Allerdale Borough is currently divided

between the Penrith and The Border (771 electors) and Workington

seats (659 electors). The commission's provisional proposal is

that the whole ward be included in the Workington seat. In

addition to this change, the commission also propose the transfer

of the Marsh, Wampool and Wigton wards of Allerdale Borough from

the Penrith and The Border seat to the Workington seat,

transferring 6,890 electors, and the transfer of the Boltons ward

(1,485 electors) of Allerdale Borough from Workington to Penrith

and The Border. These transfers would reduce the electorate and

geographical size of the Penrith and The Border seat and improve

its shape.

9. The commission were concerned about the very low electorate of

the Copeland seat, which is 9,984 below the average for the county

and 15,861 below the electoral quota. While the commission

recognise that the boundary of the Copeland seat, which is

coterminous with the borough boundary, has remained unchanged for

many years, they do not feel that this should necessarily preclude

them from making changes to it to bring it closer to the electoral

quota. They provisionally consider that the Clifton (1,211

electors), Dalton (1,310 electors) and Harrington (2,593 electors)

wards of Allerdale Borough, should be transferred from the

Workington seat to the Copeland seat and that the Broughton ward

(1,863 electors) of South Lakeland District be transferred from

the Westmorland and Lonsdale seat to the Copeland seat.

Transferring the three Allerdale Borough wards, together with the

one South Lakeland ward to the Copeland seat would bring the

electorate of the latter up to 61,048 (3,007 below the average for

the county and 8,884 below the electoral quota). The commission

consider that because of the physical geography of the area, the

transfer of these wards would create less inconvenience to

electors than would the transfer of wards from elsewhere to the

Copeland seat.

10. The Crake Valley ward of South Lakeland District is currently

divided between the Barrow and Furness seat (330 electors) and the

Westmorland and Lonsdale seat (1,137 electors). The commission

propose that the whole ward be included in the Barrow and Furness

seat. This change, together with the transfer of the Broughton

ward, would bring the electorates of the two seats closer

together, and the Westmorland and Lonsdale electorate closer to

the county average.

11. The overall effect of these changes is that the Workington

seat would have the highest electorate in the county, at 67,398.

The Carlisle and Copeland electorates would be brought closer to

the county average and the electoral quota. The constituency with

the largest geographical area will still be the Penrith and The

Border seat, but its area will be reduced, and its electorate will

reduce from 68,135 to 58,303. The changes reduce the disparity

between the constituencies with the highest and lowest electorates

from 16,232 to 9,095.

12. The proposed new constituencies are illustrated in outline on

the sketch map which forms part of this document (please note the

copyright warning below concerning the map). The letters on the

map refer to the districts, and the numbers refer to the district

wards. The map is to be used in conjunction with the ward listing

at the end of this document which shows the letters and districts,

the numbers and wards, and the 2000 ward electorates on which the

commission are required by law to work.

13. The composition of the six constituencies provisionally

recommended would be (the 2000 electorates are shown in

brackets):

BARROW AND FURNESS COUNTY CONSTITUENCY (67,279). The Borough of

Barrow-in-Furness; and eight wards of the District of South

Lakeland:- Crake Valley, Low Furness & Swarthmoor, Ulverston

Central, Ulverston East, Ulverston North, Ulverston South,

Ulverston Town, Ulverston West.

CARLISLE BOROUGH CONSTITUENCY (63,001). Fifteen wards of the City

of Carlisle:- Belah, Belle Vue, Botcherby, Burgh, Castle, Currock,

Dalston, Denton Holme, Harraby, Morton, St Aidans, Stanwix Urban,

Upperby, Wetheral, Yewdale.

COPELAND COUNTY CONSTITUENCY (61,048). Three wards of the Borough

of Allerdale:- Clifton, Dalton, Harrington; the Borough of

Copeland; and one ward of the District of South Lakeland:-

Broughton.

PENRITH AND THE BORDER COUNTY CONSTITUENCY (58,303). Two wards of

the Borough of Allerdale:- Boltons, Warnell; seven wards of the

City of Carlisle:- Brampton, Great Corby and Geltsdale, Hayton,

Irthing, Longtown & Rockcliffe, Lyne, Stanwix Rural; and the

District of Eden.

WESTMORLAND AND LONSDALE COUNTY CONSTITUENCY (67,303). Thirty-

eight wards of the District of South Lakeland:- Arnside & Beetham,

Burneside, Burton & Holme, Cartmel, Coniston, Crooklands, Grange,

Hawkshead, Holker, Kendal Castle, Kendal Far Cross, Kendal Fell,

Kendal Glebelands, Kendal Heron Hill, Kendal Highgate, Kendal

Kirkland, Kendal Mintsfeet, Kendal Nether, Kendal Oxenholme,

Kendal Parks, Kendal Stonecross, Kendal Strickland, Kendal

Underley, Kirkby Lonsdale, Lakes Ambleside, Lakes Grasmere,

Levens, Lyth Valley, Milnthorpe, Natland, Sedbergh,

Staveley-in-Cartmel, Staveley-in-Westmorland, Whinfell, Windermere

Applethwaite, Windermere Bowness North, Windermere Bowness South,

Windermere Town.

WORKINGTON COUNTY CONSTITUENCY (67,398). Twenty-six wards of the

Borough of Allerdale:- All Saints, Aspatria, Broughton St

Bridget's, Christchurch, Crummock, Derwent Valley, Ellen,

Ellenborough, Ewanrigg, Flimby, Holme, Keswick, Marsh, Moorclose,

Moss Bay, Netherhall, St John's, St Michael's, Seaton, Silloth,

Solway, Stainburn, Wampool, Waver, Wharrels, Wigton.

14. Please note that the wards have not been shown for those

boroughs and districts (eg the Borough of Barrow-in-Furness)

where the whole of the borough or district is contained in the

proposed constituency. However, as already mentioned, a full ward

listing with 2000 ward electorates is given at the end of this

document.

15. The wards named in this document are the new wards which were

created by the following Orders, all of which came into effect at

the local elections on 6 May 1999:-

The Borough of Allerdale (Electoral Changes) Order 1998;

The Borough of Barrow-in-Furness (Electoral Changes) Order 1998;

The City of Carlisle (Electoral Changes) Order 1998;

The Borough of Copeland (Electoral Changes) Order 1998;

The District of Eden (Electoral Changes) Order 1998; and

The District of South Lakeland (Electoral Changes) Order 1998.

Publication of Provisional Recommendations

16. The provisional recommendations will be published formally in

a notice appearing in local newspapers in Cumbria on 6 July 2000.

Local authorities, MPs, the political parties' headquarters, and

others will be sent a copy of the recommendations. The notice will

also be published on the Commission's web site at:

http://www.statistics.gov.uk/other_activities/pbc.asp

Places of Inspection

17. The notice in local newspapers will also give the addresses

where a copy of the recommendations and a more detailed map

illustrating them have been made available for inspection by the

public (please note the copyright warning below concerning the

map). Those addresses are:

ALSTON Alston Library, Market Street, Alston

AMBLESIDE District Council Offices, Church Street,

Ambleside

APPLEBY-IN-WESTMORLAND Appleby Library, Low Wiend,

Appleby-in-Westmorland

BARROW-IN-FURNESS Town Hall, Duke Street, Barrow-in-Furness

BRAMPTON Brampton Branch Library, Front Street,

Brampton

CARLISLE Civic Centre, Carlisle

COCKERMOUTH Town Hall, Cockermouth

GRANGE-OVER-SANDS Town Council Offices, Victoria Hall,

Grange-over-Sands

KENDAL South Lakeland House, Lowther Street,

Kendal

KESWICK Council Offices, Keswick

KIRKBY STEPHEN Library, 15 Market Street, Kirkby Stephen

MILLOM Millom Council Centre, St Georges Road,

Millom

PENRITH Town Hall, Penrith

SEASCALE The Public Library, Gosforth Road, Seascale

ULVERSTON Town Hall, Queen Street, Ulverston

WHITEHAVEN The Council Offices, Catherine Street,

Whitehaven

WIGTON Council Offices, Wigton

WINDERMERE Windermere Library, Windermere

WORKINGTON Allerdale House, Workington

Representation Period: 6 July 2000 to 6 August 2000

18. The commission are required to consider representations about

their provisional recommendations made within one month of local

publication on 6 July 2000. Representations should be addressed to

the Boundary Commission for England, PO Box 31060, London, SW1V

2FF, or faxed to 020 7533 5176, or emailed to

chris.ault@ons.gov.uk. All representations received by the

commission will be acknowledged. The representation period will

end on 6 August 2000.

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