The proposal comes in a document called 'Agenda for change', launched at the institute's annual congress being held in Nairn this week.
REHIS believes that a fixed fine would provide a visible and swift deterrent and would ensure that the public could see their grievances were being addressed. This would have the knock-on effect of improving the health, safety and welfare of the community.
It is one of a number of far-reaching considerations regarded by REHIS as public health challenges facing Scotland, which the institute is sending to all members of the Scottish parliament and elected members of Scotlands local authorities.
Individual issues highlighted in 'Agenda for change' include contaminated land, water supplies, waste management, mobile phone emissions, home safety, environmental noise and food law enforcement.