Motor vehicles licensed
The number of motor vehicles licensed in Scotland in 1994 was 1.9 million, 1.4% more than the previous year and estimated to be about 30% more than the number nine years earlier in 1985.
The number of motor vehicles in Scotland per 100 population was 37 in 1994, 82% of the rate for England and Wales, which was a markedly higher relative position than in earlier years; in 1985 Scotland's rate was 75% of England and Wales. This catching up process occurred over the years 1989 to 1992, however the growth in vehicles licensed in Scotland in 1993 and 1994 has been slower than in England and Wales, causing Scotland's relative position to fall back slightly.
The average age of private and light goods vehicles in Scotland has increased, particularly in the last two years. The average was 6.2 years in 1994 compared with 5.1 years in 1990 and 4.8 years in 1985. Despite the increase, the average age of vehicles in Scotland in 1994 was still lower than the 7.0 years average for Great Britain.
Bus and coach travel
Passenger journeys on local bus services continued to fall in 1993/94 and 1994/95. In 1994/95 passenger journeys on local services were 12% less than in 1990/91, and 24% less than in 1985/86.
In contrast, the vehicle kilometres travelled by local bus services in 1993/94 and 1994/95 continued to increase, in 1994/95 they were 10% higher than in 1990/91 and 29% higher than 1985/86.
Local bus fares in 1994/95 increased over the previous years to a greater extent in Scotland than Great Britain, 6.1 and 4.7% respectively. However, over the longer term, fares have increased less in Scotland than Great Britain. In current price terms, fares in Scotland in 1994/95 were 60% higher than in 1985/86 compared to 85% higher in Great Britain. The corresponding increase in the retail price index was 52%.
Total goods lifted in Scotland in 1994 were slightly less than the previous year, though eight per cent higher than nine years earlier in 1985. Goods lifted by road in 1994 were two per cent less than 1993, but 19% higher than in 1985. In comparison goods lifted by rail in 1994 were eight per cent more than in 1993, but 55% lower than in 1985.
Road freight origin/destination
According to the department of transport's Continuing Sample Survey of Road Goods Transport, in 1994 69% of goods leaving Scotland by road were destined for the three northerly regions of England, while these regions accounted for 74% of all goods entering Scotland by road from the rest of GB.
The department of transport's International Road Haulage Survey estimates that in 1994 UK registered road hauliers carried 648,000 tonnes of goods from Scotland to mainland Europe and 255,000 tonnes from mainland Europe into Scotland. These figures were higher in 1994 by 50% and 14% respectively on those in 1992, the last figures published.
Nearly 54,000 vehicles a day on average crossed the Forth bridge in 1995, an increase of nearly three per cent on the previous year, and 54% higher than in 1986, an average annual increase over this period was nearly five per cent.
On the Erskine bridge, total crossings in 1995 were nearly 8% higher than the previous year, and the average annual increase over the period 1986 to 1995 was nearly five per cent, the same as the Forth road bridge.
On the Tay road bridge south bound crossings in 1995 were three per cent higher than the previous year and the average annual increase since 1992 was over two per cent.
The Department of Transport estimate that in 1994 15% of Scotland's major road traffic was on motorway and 32% on non built-up trunk A roads compared to 25% on motorway and 22% on non built-up trunk roads for Great Britain.
Expenditure on motorways and trunk roads in 1995/96 was estimated at £228m, eight per cent less than in 1994/95, and just slightly less than the level of expenditure in the two previous years. Trunk road constructed in 1994/95 was the highest in the last ten years, 22% higher than the last peak in 1990/91, and nearly double the amount of new trunk road in the two previous years, 1993/94 and 1992/93. Trunk road strengthened or surface dressed in 1994/95 was 14% more than the previous year.
There were 12.4 million air terminal passengers at airports in Scotland in 1995, four per cent higher than the previous year, and after this fourth successive year of growth were nearly 30% higher than in 1991.
The growth of air passengers was not uniform at all airports. At Glasgow airport, terminal passengers in 1995 at 5.4 million fell by 0.6% on the previous year, though this was still 31% higher than in 1991.
Passengers continued to increase at Edinburgh airport in 1995 to 3.3 million with a nine per cent increase on the previous year and a 40 percent increase on 1991.
Air passengers Domestic
In 1994 there were 2.2 million passengers on domestic routes to or from Glasgow, and 2.1 million to and from Edinburgh. There were more passengers between Heathrow and Edinburgh than Glasgow.
Air passengers International
Passenger traffic between Scotland and Europe continued to increase strongly, in 1994 there were 3.3 million passengers to and from Europe, 24% more than the previous year and 50% higher than two years earlier in 1992. However, passenger traffic to and from America decreased in 1994 over the previous year by eight per cent, though was still six per cent higher than in 1992.
Passenger traffic to Eire in 1994 increased substantially to 284,000, 61% higher than the previous year.
In 1995 passengers, vehicles, and particularly loose freight carried on shipping services in Scotland all increased on the previous year, and revenue from users increased to aneven greater extent. Passengers and vehicles on shipping services in 1994 increased by three per cent, and loose freight quantity increased by 19%.
Caledonian MacBrayne ferries carried 93% of passengers, 92% of vehicles of all shipping services in Scotland in 1995, although only accounted for 68% of total revenue from users.
As in previous years, Kyle - Kyleakin was Caledonian MacBrayne's busiest route until the service ended in October 1995. Adding Skye bridge car traffic and the ferry service car crossings together for 1995 shows car traffic to be 11 % more than the previous year. Caledonian MacBrayne's second busiest route in terms of passengers in 1995 was Wemyss Bay-Rothesay with nearly 702,000 passengers, seven per cent higher than the previous year.
Passengers carried by P&O Orkney and Shetland services in 1995 were three per cent higher than in 1994, though have been about this level since 1989. Cars and commercial vehicles carried by the P&O service in 1995 were seven per cent higher than the previous year, and 46% higher than in 1986. Passengers carried on the Orkney Islands Shipping Company were seven per cent higher in 1995 over the previous year to continue the substantial increase on this route, now four times the number in 1986.
The average weekly household expenditure on transport and vehicles over the two year period 1994-95 was three per cent higher than in 1993 and 89% higher than over the two year period 1985/86; compared with a 52% increase in the retail price index.
Within this total, the average expenditure on motor vehicles during 1994-95 was four per cent higher and on rail fares 21% lower than in 1993.