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SOCIAL TRENDS - A PORTRAIT OF BRITISH SOCIETY

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The 32nd edition of Social Trends, which draws together a wide range ...
The 32nd edition of Social Trends, which draws together a wide range

of statistics to paint a broad picture of British society, is

published today. Social Trends covers many different aspects of

society, from reviewing changes in the population structure and

family characteristics to household expenditure and actions to

protect the environment.

- More people live in the traditional family unit of a couple with

dependent children than in any other type of household.

- about a quarter of women employees are in administrative and

secretarial work, while men are most likely to be employed as

managers and senior officials or in skilled trades.

- Lone parent families and pensioners were all more likely than the

population as a whole to be living in a low-income household in

1999-2000. For lone parent families, the likelihood was nearly twice

that for all individuals.

- people in minority ethnic groups had higher unemployment rates

than White people in 2000-01, particularly among the Black and

Pakistani/Bangladeshi groups whose rates were three times that for

White people.

- The proportion of households with at least one mobile phone has

nearly tripled from 17 per cent in 1996-97 to 47 per cent in 2000-01.

- The introduction of cleaner fuels and catalytic converters led to

reductions in total road traffic emissions of particles, nitrogen

oxides and volatile organic compounds between 1989 and 1999, despite

growth of over 15 per cent in road traffic.

- Between 1990 and 1998 the United Kingdom was one of three EU

countries that succeeded in reducing total greenhouse gas emissions,

by nine per cent.

A feature article, 'Children', presents an overview of social trends

that have impacted on children in the United Kingdom since the early

1980s.

Some key findings from the article are:

-Families with children tend to have lower incomes than those

without children.

-There have been improvements in GCSE attainment in all ethnic

groups, but differences still remain, with at least 60 per cent of

young people in the other Asian and Indian groups achieving five or

more GCSEs, compared with 50 per cent of White young people, 39 per

cent of Black young people, and 29 per cent in the Pakistani and

Bangladeshi groups.

-Around one in ten children and adolescents had a mental

disorder in 1999. There were marked differences by social class with

children in Social Class V (unskilled group) (14 per cent) being

almost three times more likely to have a mental disorder than those

in Social Class I (professional group) (5 per cent).

- There were about 120,000 known child offenders aged 10 to 17 who

were found guilty or cautioned for indictable offences in England and

Wales in 1999, down from about 137,500 in 1991.

Social Trends aims at a wide audience including policy-makers in

public and private sectors, service providers, academics and

students, journalists and commentators. To preserve topicality, half

of the 311 tables, charts and maps in Social Trends 32 are new

compared with the previous edition, and draw on the most up to date

information available from a variety of reliable sources.

* Excerpts from this edition on selected key themes are available on the National Statistics website

along with links to the data contained in the charts and

tables.

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