of statistics to paint a broad picture of British society, is
published today. Social Trends covers many different aspects of
society, from reviewing changes in the population structure and
protect the environment.
- More people live in the traditional family unit of a couple with
dependent children than in any other type of household.
- about a quarter of women employees are in administrative and
secretarial work, while men are most likely to be employed as
managers and senior officials or in skilled trades.
- Lone parent families and pensioners were all more likely than the
population as a whole to be living in a low-income household in
1999-2000. For lone parent families, the likelihood was nearly twice
that for all individuals.
- people in minority ethnic groups had higher unemployment rates
than White people in 2000-01, particularly among the Black and
Pakistani/Bangladeshi groups whose rates were three times that for
- The proportion of households with at least one mobile phone has
nearly tripled from 17 per cent in 1996-97 to 47 per cent in 2000-01.
- The introduction of cleaner fuels and catalytic converters led to
reductions in total road traffic emissions of particles, nitrogen
oxides and volatile organic compounds between 1989 and 1999, despite
growth of over 15 per cent in road traffic.
- Between 1990 and 1998 the United Kingdom was one of three EU
countries that succeeded in reducing total greenhouse gas emissions,
by nine per cent.
A feature article, 'Children', presents an overview of social trends
that have impacted on children in the United Kingdom since the early
Some key findings from the article are:
-Families with children tend to have lower incomes than those
-There have been improvements in GCSE attainment in all ethnic
groups, but differences still remain, with at least 60 per cent of
young people in the other Asian and Indian groups achieving five or
more GCSEs, compared with 50 per cent of White young people, 39 per
cent of Black young people, and 29 per cent in the Pakistani and
-Around one in ten children and adolescents had a mental
disorder in 1999. There were marked differences by social class with
children in Social Class V (unskilled group) (14 per cent) being
almost three times more likely to have a mental disorder than those
in Social Class I (professional group) (5 per cent).
- There were about 120,000 known child offenders aged 10 to 17 who
were found guilty or cautioned for indictable offences in England and
Wales in 1999, down from about 137,500 in 1991.
Social Trends aims at a wide audience including policy-makers in
public and private sectors, service providers, academics and
students, journalists and commentators. To preserve topicality, half
of the 311 tables, charts and maps in Social Trends 32 are new
compared with the previous edition, and draw on the most up to date
information available from a variety of reliable sources.
* Excerpts from this edition on selected key themes are available on the National Statistics website
along with links to the data contained in the charts and