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STAFF OF SCOTTISH LOCAL AUTHORITY SOCIAL WORK SERVICES 2005

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This publication forms part of a series of publications which provide information on staffing of Scottish Local Aut...
This publication forms part of a series of publications which provide information on staffing of Scottish Local Authority Social Work Services. It contains the results of a staffing census held across all Scottish local authorities on October 3, 2005. It presents findings from a range of statistics to provide an overall picture of demand for, supply of and outcomes from the social care workforce.

Headline messages are:

There were 42,953 whole time equivalent (WTE) staff employed by Scottish Local Authority Social Services in October 2005. This represented an increase of four per cent from the 2004 total and an increase of 26 per cent since 1999 (Table 1).

The 42,953 WTE staff in October 2005 corresponded to 8.4 staff per 1,000 population, an increase from 8.1 per 1,000 population in October 2004 and 6.7 per 1,000 population in 2000. The number of staff per 1,000 population was highest in the island councils (22.5 in Shetland Islands, 19.0 in Orkney Islands and 16.6 in Eilean Siar), and lowest in East Dunbartonshire (5.4), Clackmannanshire (5.9) and Moray (5.9) (Table 2).

Thirty per cent of staff employed by Scottish Local Authority Social Work Services in October 2005 were fieldwork staff and 28 per cent were domiciliary staff (mainly home carers). A further 15 per cent worked in residential establishments for adults and nine per cent were located in day care centres for adults (Table 3).

Sixty one per cent of staff provided services for adults, a further 17 per cent provided services for children and four per cent provided services for offenders. Ten per cent of staff were attributed to generic provision, providing services for more than one client group (Table 4).

The majority (84 per cent) of all staff in 2005 were female. This proportion was highest for staff providing services for adults, where 89 per cent were female, and lowest for staff providing services for offenders (63 per cent) (Table 4).

Just under one per cent of all staff are reported as being from an ethnic minority group and just less than two per cent of all staff have declared having a disability (Table 7). However, 18 per cent of all staff had either a not known/disclosed ethnic group, and 27 per cent of all staff had an unknown disability status.

Nine per cent of all staff with a known age were under 30 years of age, whilst 38 per cent were aged 50 and over (Table 8). This compares with 10 per cent of staff aged under 30 years and 35 per cent were aged 50 and over in 2004.

Of the 54,008 staff employed in local authority social work services departments, information on the qualifications held of these staff was reported for 20,464 staff (38 per cent of all staff). Of these 20,464 staff, 84 per cent of staff held at least one qualification, whilst 23 per cent held more than one qualification.

Just over 2,200 staff are reported as working towards a qualification (Table 12).

Staff of Scottish Social Work Services by Client Group and Gender, 2005

ALL STAFF IN SCOTTISH LOCAL AUTHORITY SOCIAL WORK SERVICES

There were 54,008 staff employed by Scottish Local Authority Social Work Services in October 2005. This comprised 25,849 full-time staff and a further 28,159 staff who were employed on a part-time basis (Table 1). The whole time equivalent (WTE) number of staff was 42,593 (see Background Notes, paragraph 8.9). This represented an increase in the WTE of 4 per cent from the previous year.

The 42,593 WTE staff in October 2005 corresponded to 8.4 staff per 1,000 population, an increase from 8.1 staff per 1,000 population in October 2004 and 6.7 staff per 1,000 population in October 2000 (Table 2).

The level of staffing in each council is influenced to some extent by the level of social work involvement required which, in turn, may be affected by a range of factors, including deprivation and urban/ rural issues. Other factors affecting the level of staffing include the extent to which services are contracted out and the extent to which services are provided in partnership with neighbouring councils and other organisations. The number of staff per 1,000 population was highest in the island councils (22.5 in Shetland Islands, 19.0 in Orkney Islands and 16.6 in Eilean Siar) and lowest in East Dunbartonshire (5.4), Clackmannanshire (5.9) and Moray (5.9) (Table 2).

STAFF BY TYPE OF ACTIVITY/LOCATION

This section provides information on the number (WTE) of staff by type of activity/location (see Background Notes, paragraph 8.11).

Thirty per cent of staff employed by Scottish Local Authority Social Work Services in October 2005 were fieldwork staff and 28 per cent were domiciliary staff (mainly home carers). A further 15 per cent worked in residential establishments for adults and 9 per cent were located in day care centres for adults (Table 3).

Table 3 also shows that the number of WTE staff has increased in all activities/locations since 2004, with the largest rise in Criminal Justice Staff (9 per cent).

STAFF BY CLIENT GROUP

This section provides information on the number of staff by client group. Information on the gender of staff is also provided.

Sixty one per cent of staff provided services for adults, a further 17 per cent provided services for children and 4 per cent provided services for offenders. Ten per cent of staff were attributed to generic provision, providing services for more than one client group (Table 4).

The majority (84 per cent) of all staff in 2005 were female. This proportion was highest for staff providing services for adults, where 89 per cent were female, and lowest for staff providing services for offenders (63 per cent) (Table 4).

The 26,130 staff (WTE) who provided services for adults corresponded to 6.5 per 1,000 population aged 18 and over (Table 5). This proportion was highest for the island authorities (24.4 in Shetland Islands, 19.1 in Orkney Islands and 19.0 in Eilean Siar), and lowest for Glasgow (3.9). There were 6.8 staff per 1,000 population aged under 18 providing services for children, although this rate varied from 11.9 in Edinburgh to 2.3 in Eilean Siar.

NUMBERS AND WTE BY STAFF GROUP

This section provides information on numbers and WTEs by staff group. See Background Notes, paragraph 8.12 for further details on the staff groups used.

Over one quarter of staff (WTE) are home care staff and managers, and 22 per cent are support staff. Residential managers & qualified care staff account for 11 per cent of staff and social workers account for a further 11 per cent of staff (Table 6).

Overall numbers and WTE of staff have increased by three per cent and four per cent respectively since 2004. Most staff groups have increased in 2005 with the largest increase for 'Other Qualified Fieldwork Staff' (28 per cent). However, 'Senior Managers, etc' and 'Residential - Managers and Qualified Care Staff' have both decreased by three per cent since October 2004 (Table 6).

Ethnicity and Disability were collected on all social work services staff for the first time in October 2005. Some councils were unable to supply this information so figures are based on those who were able to provide this information. One per cent of staff were reported to be from an ethnic minority group and two percent of staff were reported to have self-declared a disability (Table 7).

STAFF NUMBERS BY AGE GROUP

The October 2005 staffing census requested information on the ages of all social work services staff. One council was unable to supply information on age, and two more were unable to supply information for some staff. The data reported here includes these councils/staff as unknown.

Sixty nine per cent of social work services staff were at least 40 years of age and 3.5 per cent were under 25 years of age, compared with 65 per cent and 3.9 per cent in October 2004 respectively (Table 8).

Looking at the percentage in the different age groups by type of activity/location (Table 9), it can be seen that 'day care staff: services for children' has the highest proportion of staff under 25 (7 per cent), while domiciliary staff have the highest percentage aged 40 or over (77 per cent).

Table 10 shows the percentage in the different age groups by client group. The highest percentage of staff under 25 work in generic provision (7.5 per cent), while the lowest percentage work with 'adults - people with physical disabilities' (1.9 per cent). The highest percentage of staff aged 40 or over work with 'adults (not separately identified)' (76 per cent), while the lowest percentage work in children and generic provision (59 per cent).

Table 11 looks at age in relation to staff groups. Support staff have the highest percentage under 25 (8 per cent), and the lowest percentage aged 40 or over (61 per cent). Senior manager is the staff group with the lowest percentage of under 25 year olds (0.3 per cent), and has the highest percentage aged 40 or over (82 per cent).

STAFF NUMBERS BY QUALIFICATIONS HELD AND IN PROGRESS

The October 2005 staffing census also requested information on qualifications held and in progress by staff. Some councils were unable to supply complete information on qualifications, and the data reported is likely to underestimate the true level of qualifications. (Total numbers of staff with qualifications, or working towards attaining qualifications, relate only to councils which returned this information.)

Of the 54,008 staff employed in local authority social work services departments, information on the qualifications held of these staff was reported for 20,464 staff (38 per cent of all staff). Of these 20,464 staff, 84 per cent held at least one qualification, while 23 per cent held more than one qualification. Also, just over 2,200 staff are reported as working towards a qualification (Table 12).

The proportion of known staff holding at least one qualification was highest amongst social workers (99.9 per cent), senior managers (98.9 per cent), and day care managers and qualified care staff (95.6 per cent). Home care staff & managers and other domiciliary staff were amongst the groups least likely to hold a qualification.

VACANCIES IN SCOTTISH LOCAL AUTHORITY SOCIAL WORK SERVICES

October 2005 staff vacancies data is currently not available as this data is still being subjected to strict quality assurance procedures to ensure that the results are accurate, reliable and fit for purpose.

As soon as this October 2005 vacancy data becomes available (expected June 2006), the results will be added to vacancy tables contained in this Statistical Publication Notice (SPN) (Tables 15 -18) and this SPN will be re-released in its entirety.

Resources

For historical statistics and background information on Staff of Scottish Social Work Services, please see the previous publications:

Scottish social work employee statistics 2001 http:www.scotland.gov.uk/stats/bulletins/00197-00.asp

Scottish social work employee statistics 2002 http:www.scotland.gov.uk/stats/bulletins/00273-00.asp

Scottish social work employee statistics 2003 http:www.scotland.gov.uk/stats/bulletins/00355-00.asp

Staff of Scottish Local Authority Social Work Services 2004 (published 23rd June 2005) http:www.scotland.gov.uk/stats/bulletins/00420

The information in this News Release was obtained from the statistical return. The attached link gives details of the statistics collected from each local authority:

Requested data: http:www.scotland.gov.uk/Topics/Statistics/16135/SocWorkA05form

Guidance notes: http:www.scotland.gov.uk/Topics/Statistics/16135/SocWorkA05notes

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