had acquired their accommodation since 1998) representing 9 per cent
of all owners in England. Most were aged under 35, but in the case of
former council / housing association sitting tenants, the majority was
This is one of the key findings published today in the 2001/02 Survey
of English Housing, which provides key housing data on owner
occupation and on social and private rented sectors.
The annual survey of nearly 20,000 households was carried out for the
ODPM by the National Centre for Social Research and includes new
questions on energy efficiency, car ownership and access to
amenities, disability and gardening for wildlife.
Some of the other key findings are:
- Number of households
The number of households in England rose from 17.2 million households
in 1981 to 20.3 million households in 2001/2. This increase, which
exceeded the modest growth in population, reflects the tendency for
the average household size to decline.
Home ownership, which had increased substantially during the 1980's,
grew more slowly during the 1990's, from 68 per cent of all
households in 1991 to 70 per cent (14.3 million) in 2001/2. Most of
this growth was in households owning outright as mortgages taken out
in earlier decades were paid off.
- Social Rented Sector Tenants
The number of households renting from councils fell from 5.1 million
(30 per cent of all households) in 1981 to 2.8 million (14 per cent)
in 2001/2. This reflects both 'Right to buy' purchases by tenants and
direct transfer of council dwellings to registered social landlords
(mainly housing associations). The number of households renting from
a registered social landlord increased from 0.4 million (2 per cent)
in 1981 to 1.2 million (6 per cent) in 2001/2, but overall there was
a decline in the size of the social rented sector.
- Private Renters
The proportion of privately renting households was 8.6 per cent (1.6
million) in 1989 and at 9.7 per cent (2.0 million) in 2001/2. Most of
this increase took place in the early 1990's, largely in response to
the changes introduced by the 1988 Housing Act.
Indian households were more likely to be owners (81 per cent),
followed by Pakistani (73 per cent) and White British (72 per cent).
Irish households were less likely to be owners (56 per cent). Black
African households were more likely to be social renters (51 per
cent) and more likely to be private renters (31 per cent). Black
Caribbean households were least likely to be private renters (7 per
- Second homes
It is estimated that 152 thousand English households had a second
home in England in 2001/02 (excluding those held solely as an
investment) with a similar number of second homes outside Great
Britain, 147 thousand. While the number of households with second
homes in England has remained comparatively stable in recent years
the number with second homes outside Great Britain has been
increasing steadily. The most common reasons given for having a
second home were as a holiday home or retirement cottage (60 per
cent), or working away from home (17 per cent).
In total, 270 thousand households contained someone with a serious
medical condition or disability, where the special adaptations to the
home required had not been made. Accommodation was least likely to
have been adapted to make it suitable if the disabled individual was
young, or the household was living in the private rented sector.
- Car ownership and Access to amenities
Access to a local hospital was seen as more difficult than access to
other local services (22 per cent found this 'very fairly difficult'
and 9 per cent 'very difficult'). Those with the use of a car
generally had few problems accessing local services. However 20 pe r
cent still found access to a local hospital fairly difficult, and 6
per cent very difficult.
- Use of the garden and encouraging wildlife
In 2001/2, 85 per cent of households had a garden, and 66 per cent of
this figure encouraged wildlife by feeding the birds.
1. Housing in England 2001/02 is available here.
2. This report follows preliminary results published in August 2002
and 'core tables' published on the ODPM website in December 2002.
3. National Statistics are produced to high professional standards
set out in the National Statistics Code of Practice. They undergo
regular quality assurance reviews to ensure that they meet consumer