English urban areas has been published by the DETR. Transport Statistics for Metropolitan Areas: 1999 shows changes in the use of private and public transport, and updates a similar report published last year. It provides transport-related statistics for the six former
metropolitan county areas of Greater Manchester, Merseyside, the West
Midlands, South Yorkshire, West Yorkshire and Tyne and Wear.
the numbers of people killed or seriously injured in road accidents
in 1998 in metropolitan areas was almost half those in the early
nearly half of all journeys to work took less than 20 minutes and
well over 90 per cent of such journeys took less than an hour in each
area in 1998;
bus passenger journeys increased by 5 per cent in the West Midlands
the decline in bus usage in metropolitan areas overall has reduced;
with a decrease of only 1 per cent during 1997/98;
Tyne & Wear has the highest proportion (21 per cent) travelling to
work by public transport; it also has the lowest number of cars
registered per thousand;
since the mid-1980s, the proportion of journeys and distance
travelled by public transport has decreased in each area; walking and
cycling has also declined;
West Yorkshire had the largest increase in road freight lifted over
the last ten years;
passenger traffic has more than doubled at airports serving the
former metropolitan areas over the last ten years, except at
Greater Manchester has the lowest road casualty rate (killed and
South Yorkshire has experienced the largest increase in traffic on
its major roads over the last ten years; it also has the lowest
population density of the former metropolitan county areas.
1. This report is a companion volume to the well-established annual
report Transport Statistics for London and covers similar topics
including: travel to work, personal travel, road traffic car
ownership, traffic speeds on major roads, road casualties, public
transport, air traffic, freight traffic, and air quality. Background
data on population and employment is also included for information.
Some data are included for comparison.
2. Copies of Transport Statistics for Metropolitan Areas 1999 can be
obtained, free of charge, from the Department of the Environment,
Transport and the Regions, TSPT4 Branch, Zone 1/31, Great Minster
House, 76 Marsham Street, London SW1P 4DR.