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In Britain in 1994: ...
In Britain in 1994:

- road freight rose for the second consecutive year, by seven per cent on 1993

- new car sales continued to rise - by seven per cent on 1993 - after falling between 1990 and 1992

- road fatalities continued to fall, down four per cent on 1993, to a new all-time low of 3,650

- the percentage of motorists who normally use unleaded petrol rose again, to 59%

- in 1994 road traffic increased by two per cent compared to 1993, the largest increase being on motorways (four per cent)

- air passenger kilometres rose by 10%

These and other transport facts are to be found in Transport Statistics Great Britain 1995, a compendium of transport statistics which is published today.

The publication, which provides a comprehensive range of transport statistics mainly for the years 1984 to 1994, shows that between those years:

- freight moved in heavy goods vehicles by British road hauliers in Great Britain amounted to 138 billion tonne-kilometres in 1994, an increase of 43%

- the number of people killed on Britain's roads fell by 35%, despite an increase in motor traffic of 39%. The number of all road casualties fell by three per cent, although the number of car driver and passenger casualties increased by 36%

- passenger transport across all modes increased by 29% to 689 billion passenger kilometres

- the proportion of people entering central London by public transport during the morning peak increased from 81% to 83%

- household expenditure on transport increased (between 1983 and 1993) by 24% in real terms

- the total length of public roads increased by five per cent to just under 365,000 kilometres, including 3,200 kilometres on motorways

- traffic on motorways increased by 84%, from 36.3 billion vehicle kilometres to 66.7 billion vehicle kilometres. Motor traffic on all roads rose 39% to 421.9 billion vehicle kilometres

- the number of breath tests administered to car drivers involved in road accidents increased by 161% to almost 92,000 (28% of those involved in accidents), while the number failing fell by 39% from 10,000 to 6,000

- local bus services in Great Britain increased by 22% to 2,581 million vehicle kilometres. At the same time, the number of staff employed by bus and coach services fell 21% to 148,000

- investment in British Rail and Railtrack rose by 22% in real terms to £913 million

- the deadweight tonnage of United Kingdom and Crown Dependency registered trading ships rose by 17% between 1993 and 1994, the first increase since 1980 when the merchant fleet was much larger

- the United Kingdom airline fleet increased by 20% from 581 to 695 aircraft, and numbers of passengers flying on UK airlines increased by 73% to 71 million

- carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from transport in the UK (between 1983 and 1993) rose 34%, and represented 25% of all CO2 emissions

- energy consumption by transport increased from 28% to 33% of energy consumption in the United Kingdom. In 1994, compared with 1993

- the proportion of all freight trafficmoved by road rose by 10% to 65%. Freight moved by rail fell from seven per cent to six per cent

- the number of staff employed by British Rail and Railtrack fell by six per cent to 106,700

- London Underground's profit on operations increased by 83% in real terms to £128m. However, when depreciation, renewals and the cost of rationalisation are taken into account, the loss on all activities increased by seven per cent to £308m

- the total tonnage of foreign and domestic traffic through British ports increased by six per cent to 538 million tonnes

- revenue from the UK shipping industry rose five per cent to £4,354m, while expenditure rose 14% to £2,015m

- cargo tonnage at UK airports increased by 17% to 1,548,000 tonnes

- Comparing the UK with other countries, in 1993 - there were some 379 cars and taxis per thousand population in the UK, lower than in the USA (651), France (418), Belgium (407) and Germany (405)

- the UK rate of road accident fatalities per 100,000 population was seven, amongst the lowest in developed countries, compared with 16 in the USA, 17 in France, 16 in Belgium and 12 in Germany

As well as containing detailed tables of transport statistics, Transport Statistics Great Britain 1995 also includes articles on measuring traffic speeds, transport services, and the accuracy of published statistics.

Transport Statistics Great Britain 1995 is published by HMSO, priced £30.

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