Britian has been published. It shows that, in 1996:
-- Total vehicle stock in Great Britain was estimated to be 26.3
million; cars accounted for about 85 per cent of this, and for some
-- Road was the dominant mode of transport for domestic freight,
accounting for more than 80 per cent of goods lifted.
-- Motorways carried about 17 per cent of all road traffic, including
a third of goods vehicle traffic, despite constituting less than one
per cent of surfaced public roads in Great Britain.
-- New vehicle registrations totalled 2.41 million, an increase of 4.3
per cent over 1995 registrations.
-- Road accident data showed significant differences in occupant
protection offered by similar sized cars.
-- Transport accounted for about 34 per cent of all United Kingdom
-- Latest figures (for 1995-96) show that households spend an average
of£43 a week on transport and travel, 15 per cent of all household
-- The number of people employed in transport and related industries
and services rose by 3.7 per cent on 1995, to 1.75 million.
Dover was the leading international passenger port with 18.8
million passengers, representing 55 per cent of total international
passengers starting or ending their journey in the United Kingdom.
The publication, which provides a comprehensive range of transport
statistics mainly for the years 1986 to 1996, shows that between
-- The number of people killed on Britain's roads fell by 33 per cent,
despite an increase in motor traffic of 27 per cent.
-- The number of breath tests administered to car drivers involved in
road accidents increased by 169 per cent to over 133,000 (40 per cent
of those involved in accidents), while the number failing fell by 27
per cent to just over 7,000.
-- Traffic on motorways increased by 81 per cent, from 41 to 74
billion vehicle kilometres. Motor traffic on all roads rose by 36
per cent to 442 billion vehicle kilometres.
-- The total length of public roads increased by 5 per cent to 369,000
kilometres, including 3,200 kilometres of motorway.
-- Passenger travel across all modes increased by 27 per cent to 717
billion passenger kilometres.
-- The proportion of people entering central London by public
transport during the morning peak remained unchanged, at just over 83
-- Freight moved in heavy goods vehicles by British road hauliers in
Great Britain increased by 45 per cent to 147 billion
tonne-kilometres. The average length of haul increased from 73 to 90
-- The bus and coach fleet in Great Britain increased by 11 per cent
to 75,700 vehicles, largely as result of a shift from double deckers
to midi buses.
-- British ports handled 531 million tonnes of cargo in 1996, an
increase of 78 million tonnes (17 per cent) over 1986.
-- Levels of both international and domestic air passenger traffic
continued to rise, up 84 per cent and 72 per cent respectively.
In 1996, compared with 1995:
-- Train punctuality and reliability in 1996-97 showed improvements
over the previous year, with 92.5 per cent of trains running 'on
time' and 99.1 per cent of booked trains running.
-- Passengers on national railways travelled 32 billion kilometres, an
increase of two million kilometres over 1995.
London Underground's profit on operations increased by seven per
cent in real terms to£210m. When depreciation, renewals and
the cost of rationalisation are taken into account, the loss on all
activities fell by 45 per cent to£116m.
Air transport activity in the UK continued to increase, with
aircraft movements and passenger numbers each increasing by five per
cent over 1995 and cargo handled by four per cent.
Comparing the United Kingdom with other countries in 1995:
The United Kingdom rate of road accident fatalities per 100,000
population was six, amongst the lowest in developed countries,
compared with 12 in Germany, 14 in Belgium, 15 in Austria and France,
and 16 in the USA.
1. Transport Statistics Great Britain 1997 is published by The
Stationery Office, priced£33.
2. Transport Statistics Great Britain is an annual volume which
brings together a comprehensive range of transport statistics in one