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YORKSHIRE & HUMBER LABOUR MARKET TRENDS SURVEY

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The pay gap between the sexes reveals men earn almost£100 a week more than women in Yorkshire and the Humber regio...
The pay gap between the sexes reveals men earn almost£100 a week more than women in Yorkshire and the Humber region for an average week's full-time work.

North Lincolnshire has the widest pay disparity in the region, with men there earning full-time pay of£389 a week and women just£220, according to the May issue of Labour Market Trends.

Nationwide comparisons show that men earn on average£391.30 gross weekly and women£283 gross weekly for full-time work in Great Britain, based on the April 1996 New Earnings Survey.

The average pay of£270 a week for women in non-manual employment in the Yorkshire and the Humber region was one of the lowest in the country.

LMT's Spotlight on Yorkshire and the Humber is the second in a series of in-depth looks at the labour markets of regions in Great Britain. Yorkshire and the Humber comprises the counties of South and West Yorkshire and former counties of Humberside and North Yorkshire. The region also includes large urban areas - Hull, York, Sheffield, Leeds and Bradford.

The region has a population of five million of whom about 2.2 million are in the workforce.

*Labour Market Trends (incorporating Employment Gazette) Volume 105 No. 4 For subscriptions and sales telephone 0171-873 8499 FAX 0171-873 8222

PROJECTION

In the years to 2006, the region is projected to see an 18 per cent fall in the number of 25 to 34 year olds and a corresponding rise in those aged 35 to 64. These changes reflect the small number of births in the 1970's following a much larger number in the 1960's. Among women there is a projected 43 per cent rise in the number of 60 to 64 year olds, reflecting the national trend.

EMPLOYMENT

There has been a structural shift both regionally and nationally from manufacturing to the service industries, but in Yorkshire and the Humber there is a higher proportion of employees in manufacturing than in Great Britain as a whole. The number of employees in the region's manufacturing sector decreased by 11 per cent over the 10 years to September 1996 compared to a 17 per cent drop in Great Britain. The number of self-employed men in the region rose by 19 per cent over the decade to 1996 compared with 17 per cent in Great Britain.

UNEMPLOYMENT

The unemployment rate in the region in autumn 1996 under the ILO measure (8.7 per cent) and in January 1997 according to the claimant count (7.1 per cent) was higher than the UK average for both measures of 6.5 per cent and 8 per cent respectively. Claimant unemployment was 42 per cent lower in the region in January 1997 compared to January 1987.

In January 1997, North East Lincolnshire had the highest claimant unemployment rate of 10.5 per cent, over twice the rate in York (4.4 per cent). The Rotherham and Mexborough travel -to -work area had a claimant unemployment rate of 12.5 per cent (the region's highest) in January 1997, whilst the lowest rate of 2.3 per cent was recorded in both Skipton and Thirsk.

Also in this month's Labour Market Trends is a Special Report on the future presentation and dissemination of labour market statistics. This is an ONS-initiated consultation giving users the chance to comment on its draft proposals.

The proposed changes include:

-- Labour Force Survey (LFS) data to be integrated with other labour market data to form a single monthly press release

-- Greater prominence for LFS data in line with the government response to the Select Committee on Employment's recommendations

-- Improved presentation of labour market statistics with a clear overview of key economic indicators

-- Consistent style to be adopted throughout

-- Discontinuing the separate LFS Quarterly Bulletin and expanding the content of Labour Market Trends

Meanwhile this month's Labour Market Trends LFS HELP-LINE feature, based on results for autumn 1996, LFS includes:

-- The region with the highest proportion of trade union membership was the North

-- Of all employees and self-employed people with a second job, over a quarter worked from home or in different places using home as a base

-- More women than men usually walked to work or took a bus

-- Proportion of temporary employees was highest in the professional occupations.

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